Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 10

Prevalence of Intestinal Infections with Entamoeba histolytica Among Patients of Makkah Hospitals, Saudi Arabia: A 5-Year Retrospective Study

Mohammed Othman Alkurbi1, Mazin Adnan Altuwrqi1, Raafat Abdel Moneim Hassanein1,2*, Aymen M. Madkhali3,4, Salwa Omar Alqurashi1, Hanan Hussain Almatrafi1, Noran Omar Basaif1, Roham Jafar Medhir1 and Sarah Bakheet Allehabe1

1Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Zoonoses, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
3Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia
4Medical Research Centre, Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Raafat Abdel Moneim Hassanein, Professor, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia.

Received: September 19, 2023; Published: September 29, 2023


Background: Amoebiasis, a disease caused by the enteric protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica (E. histolytica), the most important parasitic etiology of acute diarrhea. The present study was carried out to determines the prevalence of E. histolytica among patients of Makkah hospitals, Ministry of health, Saudi Arabia for five years (2014-2018).

Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of the recorded intestinal amoebiasis infections among patients visiting Al-Noor Specialist Hospital, Heraa General Hospital, Maternity and Children Hospital and King Abdul-Aziz Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, from 2014 to 2018. A total of 55,108 in- and outpatient were examined for intestinal amoebiasis infection.

Results: 1289 patients out of 55,108 were infected with E. histolytica with prevalence rate 2.3%. The highest percentage of positive cases were found in Al-Noor Specialist Hospital (5.7%) followed by Heraa General Hospital (3.99%), King Abdul-Aziz Hospital (Al Zahir) (0.7%) whereas only (0.4%) of examined samples were positive for E. histolytica in Maternity and Children Hospital. In addition, the occurrence of intestinal amoebiasis is higher among adults than children. Furthermore, the number of positive E. histolytica samples was decreased from 2014 to 2018.

Conclusions: The present study revealed that intestinal amoebiasis are still detected in the patients of Makkah hospitals and still a public health problem in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Improving the diagnostic procedures to detect E. histolytica, as well as performing regular epidemiological surveys about intestinal parasitic infections especially E. histolytica are required to develop effective prevention and control strategies.

 Keywords: Microscopic Examination; Entamoeba histolytica; Makkah; Saudi Arabia


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Citation: Raafat Abdel Moneim Hassanein., et al. “Prevalence of Intestinal Infections with Entamoeba histolytica Among Patients of Makkah Hospitals, Saudi Arabia: A 5-Year Retrospective Study”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.10 (2023): 60-66.


Copyright: © 2023 Raafat Abdel Moneim Hassanein., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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