Educational Actions for Oral Health in Patients with Manifestations Secondary to Chemotherapy Treatments
Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera* and Lourdes Caridad Torres Rodríguez
Municipal Teaching Stomatological Clinic, Promotion, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera, Municipal Teaching Stomatological
Clinic, Promotion, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
July 11, 2023; Published: August 16, 2023
Background: health education is the combination of actions designed to teach how to control determinants of health.
Objective: to propose a system of educational actions to raise information on oral health in patients with manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.
Methodology: an educational intervention study was conducted in the period from September 2019 to February 2022. The population consisted of 80 patients with oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy, belonging to the Oncology service of the Provincial General Hospital of Sancti Spíritus, the sample was made up of 67 patients, for its selection a simple random probability sampling was used. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used. The variables studied were age, sex, oral manifestations and level of information on oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.
Results: in the initial diagnosis it was found that half of the patients had a regular level of information on oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy in 41.7%. Based on the results of the diagnosis and the theoretical foundations, a system of actions was designed that was characterized by being integral, flexible, intentional and participatory. The experts assessed as quite adequate, the relevance of the system of educational actions. By partially implementing the system of actions, patients demonstrated a level of good information about oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.
Conclusions: when partially applying the system of educational actions, a favorable variation of the information was achieved in patients with oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.
Keywords: Oral Manifestations; Chemotherapy; Educational Actions; Level of Information
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