Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 9

Educational Actions for Oral Health in Patients with Manifestations Secondary to Chemotherapy Treatments

Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera* and Lourdes Caridad Torres Rodríguez

Municipal Teaching Stomatological Clinic, Promotion, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba

*Corresponding Author: Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera, Municipal Teaching Stomatological Clinic, Promotion, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.

Received: July 11, 2023; Published: August 16, 2023


Background: health education is the combination of actions designed to teach how to control determinants of health.

Objective: to propose a system of educational actions to raise information on oral health in patients with manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.

Methodology: an educational intervention study was conducted in the period from September 2019 to February 2022. The population consisted of 80 patients with oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy, belonging to the Oncology service of the Provincial General Hospital of Sancti Spíritus, the sample was made up of 67 patients, for its selection a simple random probability sampling was used. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used. The variables studied were age, sex, oral manifestations and level of information on oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.

Results: in the initial diagnosis it was found that half of the patients had a regular level of information on oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy in 41.7%. Based on the results of the diagnosis and the theoretical foundations, a system of actions was designed that was characterized by being integral, flexible, intentional and participatory. The experts assessed as quite adequate, the relevance of the system of educational actions. By partially implementing the system of actions, patients demonstrated a level of good information about oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.

Conclusions: when partially applying the system of educational actions, a favorable variation of the information was achieved in patients with oral manifestations secondary to chemotherapy.

 Keywords: Oral Manifestations; Chemotherapy; Educational Actions; Level of Information


  1. Acosta Farfán DA., et al. “Oral changes in paediatric patients undergoing oncological chemotherapy treatment”. VisDent 23.3 (2021): 8-16.
  2. Vega-Menchaca N., et al. “Oral diseases secondary to chemo and radiotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer”. Oral61 (2018): 1644-1651.
  3. Valdivieso Urbina FF. “Thesis. Effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy on oral health status. 2020-10 (2022).
  4. Melo Álvarez JE. “Thesis. Oral manifestations as a consequence of chemotherapy in patients with head and neck cancer”. 2020-10 (2022).
  5. Ordoñez D., et al. “Dental care of cancer patients from the perspective of institutional actors in Cali, Colombia, 2019”. Colombian Dental Act 1 (2019): 71-83.
  6. Cruz PA., et al. “Risk factors for oral cancer”. Revista Cubana de Estomatologia 3 (2016).
  7.        Lee YH., et al. “Prospective evaluation of clinical symptoms of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in adult patients with acute leukemia: A preliminary study”. Clinical and Experimental Dental Research Res 6.1 (2020): 90-99.
  8. Parisuaña Yucra N and Cosislla Cruzado G. “Level of knowledge and attitude of relatives towards chemotherapy in children with cancer of the oncohematology service of the Edgardo Rebagliati Martins National Hospital (2019).
  9. Velten DB., et al. “Prevalence of oral manifestations in children and adolescents with cancer submitted to chemotherapy. BMC Oral Health 49 (2017).
  10. Jeldres Mathias., et al. “Pathogenesis and treatment of mucositis associated with radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy treatment in patients with head and neck cancer”. Revista Uruguaya De Medicina Interna 1 (2016): 4-13.
  11. Kusiak A., et al. “Oncological-Therapy Related Oral Mucositis as an Interdisciplinary Problem-Literature Review”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health7 (2020): 2464.
  12. Condori Escobar MDP. “Oral manifestations secondary to oncological chemotherapy treatment in patients attending Hospital III Daniel Alcides Carrión, Tacna” (2018).
  13. Castillo Borja A and Montece Seixas E. “Oral health status in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy (2020).
  14. Rebolledo-Cobos., et al. “Oral health status before, during and after antineoplastic treatment at a cancer institute in Barranquilla, Colombia”. Journal of Oral Research4 (2019): 316-324.
  15.  Sotolongo D. “Sancti Spíritus: Increases incidence of cancer. Escambray Newspaper. Sancti Spiritus (2018).
  16. Balbis Cabrera M., et al. “Social perspective of self-care in patients with oral cancer”. Medical Humanities1 (2020): 167-188.
  17. Nicot Navarro Ana María., et al. “Educational intervention concerning oral health in students of the primary school “Rodney Coutin Correa”. inf. Cient 97.1 (2018): 457-465.
  18. Peñaranda Correa F., et al. “Health education in public health: a pedagogical analysis”. Towards promoc. Health (2017).
  19. Díaz Brito Y., et al. “Generalidades sobre promoción y educación para la salud”. Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral 3 (2021).
  20. Crespo TP. “Sixteen answers to questions about the criteria of experts in pedagogical research”. Lima, Peru: Editorial San Marcos (2007).
  21. Padilla Arteaga M and Rodríguez Pérez S. “Oral manifestations associated with antineoplastic treatment in pediatric patients. Systematic review”. Montevideo, Uruguay: Universidad de la República (2020).
  22. Chuchuca Guazhco L. “Oral manifestations and oral hygiene in pediatric patients who received chemotherapy year 2015”. Solca-Cuenca (2016).
  23. Ramos Francisco YM and Calero Barreto PA. “Educational intervention to modify knowledge about oral cancer in tobacco factory workers”. Rev Caribbean Social Sciences 1 (2020).
  24. García Chías B. “Prevalence of oral side effects to chemotherapy in a hospital in Madrid and associated factors”. Supportive Care in Cancer9 (2019): 3479-3490.
  25. Velten DB., et al. “Prevalence of oral manifestations in children and adolescents with cancer submitted to chemotherapy”. BMC Oral Health1 (2017): 49.
  26. Salcedo Hidalgo T. “Secondary oral lesions in patients undergoing chemotherapy in a hospital in Lima in 2019”. Inca Garcilaso de la Vega University, Faculty of Stomatology (2019).
  27. Lévano Villanueva C. “Management of the oncological patient by the general dentist”. rob 1 (2019): 46-50.
  28. Vera Álvarez ME Thesis. 2019-03 (2022):
  29. Rodríguez González Gloria María., et al. “Level of knowledge about oral cancer in a sector of the population”. Med. Electron 39 (2 (207): 233-244.
  30. Grajales Gómez L. “Strategy to reduce the severity of oral mucositis: oral care (2019).
  31. Taibi R., et al. “Head and neck cancer survivors patients and late effects related to oncologico treatment: update of literature”. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 7 (2014): 1473-1481.
  32. Ordóñez Daza DE., et al. “Evaluation of knowledge of oral cancer and dental management of cancer patients in Cali, Colombia”. Acta Odontológica Colombiana 1 (2020): 47-59.
  33. Cedeño Pérez MC. “Proposal of a system of actions for Environmental Education in the ETP”. Monograph (2021).
  34. González González JM., et al. “Educational actions in oral health Happy Alert. Methodological recommendations for its extension in Cuba”. INFODIR (2000).
  35. Zamora Corrales R., et al. “Theoretical considerations that support the system of educational actions to strengthen the identity of the sports culture in children in the practice of football in the municipality of Bayamo (Review)”. Olympia51 (2018): 01-13.
  36. Collective of authors. Participatory techniques of Cuban educators. Editorial CIE ̈ ̈Graciela Bustillos ̈ ̈ 1996 Havana Cuba (1996).


Citation: Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera and Lourdes Caridad Torres Rodríguez. “Educational Actions for Oral Health in Patients with Manifestations Secondary to Chemotherapy Treatments”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.9 (2023): 108-119.


Copyright: © 2023 Violeta del Pilar García Cabrera and Lourdes Caridad Torres Rodríguez. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US