Post COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects Among Iraqi Population Group: A National Cross-Sectional Retrospective Study
Faraed D Salman*, Aya Jabbar Hussein, Manar Jabbar Hussein, Marwa Jabbar Hussein and Ahmed Jabbar Hussein
1Professor in Dental Assistant Department Medical Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq
2BSc Pharmacy (Iraq), MSc Cosmetic Science Student (USA/OH), MBA (USA/LA), USA
3PhD Iraqi Board Degree OBG, Masters in Aesthetic Gynecology (UK), Masters in STEM Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Iraq
4Mosul University – College of Medicine, FKBMS – Medical Oncology/Erbil-Iraq, ESMO/ASCO Certified, Iraq
5Baghdad University – Dentistry College, Baird British Academy Conservative Dentistry (Certificate), Iraq
*Corresponding Author: Faraed D Salman, Professor in Dental Assistant Department Medical Technical Institute, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.
July 18, 2023; Published: August 03, 2023
Background: The aims of this study are to reveal post covid-19 vaccine local and systematic side effects among Iraqi population group with the three COVID-19 vaccines available in Iraq, Pfizer – BioNTech (BNT 163b2) mRNA, AstraZeneca (chAd0x1 nCoV-19 vaccine) and SinoPharm (BBIBP-Cor Vaccine).
Materials and Methods: Across sectional study design was conducted (3064 online google forms) between October 2022 – January 2023 (4 months) among Iraqi population group of various educational background levels with 14 questions with their subdivisions pertaining 4 sections according to their most post-vaccine side effects via e-mail and social media platform, these 4 sections are: common local and systematic post vaccine side effects among Iraqi population group, most common side effects among female concerning MC irregularity, bleeding and pain, and post vaccine infection with covid-19 virus and its severity.
Results: Among 3064 people enrolled in the study, females comprised (57%), male (39%), (4%) of sample were missing (123). Majority of subjects belonged to age group 18-30 (71.6%), (59.9%) of total sample had no chronic disease and (74.9%) of total sample got vaccinated, Pfizer vaccine constituted the highest percentage (56.4%), following Sinopharm (17.3%) then AstraZeneca (12.4%). Majority of the population had gotten two shots of the available vaccines. Among local side effects pain at injection site constituted highest percentage (35%) followed by difficulty in moving vaccinated arm (30.5%), while among systemic side effects, joint pain constituted the highest percentage (26.7%), followed by fatigue and laziness (26.5%) and fever (11%) for more than 6 hours, while the other systemic effects were not present in most of the study sample and if it was present it was for 1 day like flu cough, shortness of breath, severe headache, chest heaviness, sore throat, GIT, UTI, tinnitus of the ear and skin allergic reactions. Concerning females, majority of them had no irregular MC, pain, or abnormal bleeding post vaccination. Concerning post vaccination with covid-19 virus, most of the sample (53.3%) were not infected with the virus, the percentage of those who got infected post first or 2nd shot were very low (22.6%, 20.7%), the severity of infection was mild (21%) among those who got infected, with muscle ache, fever, flu, hospitalization cases were (23.9%) among infected cases for less than 7 days.
Conclusion: The study revealed satisfactory acceptance level for all types of vaccines (75%) available in Iraq, (39%) of participants were asymptomatic post vaccination, with mild to moderate symptoms in terms of severity which developed 24 hours post vaccination that requires home or medical symptomatic treatment and can be tolerated. So, these three types were found to be safe according to the observation of these symptoms, unusual adverse effects should be monitored carefully to determine whether they are related to vaccine or not.
Keywords: Pfizer; AstraZeneca; Sinopharm Vaccine; Side Effects; Menstrual Cycle
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