Diabetic Patients Awareness about Diabetic Foot in Chronic Disease Clinic, AL-Kharj Hospital, Saudi Arabia
Bandar A Al-Sulami*, Mohammed M Al-Mutairi, Tarek M Al-Kurnas, Ahmed S Al-wohaibi, Mousa S Al-Dabis, Bader S Al-Otaibi and Saleh G Al-Qahtani
Department of Community Medicine, AL-Kharj Hospital, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Bandar A Al-Sulami, Department of Community Medicine, AL-Kharj Hospital, Saudi Arabia.
June 15, 2023; Published: July 07, 2023
Background: The diabetic foot is a global threat to public health system with enormous economic consequences for diabetes, families, and society, affecting both quality of life and quality of care. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Saudi Arabia is 18.3% in 2020. One of the most common complications that affects diabetic patients is diabetic foot disease (DFD). Early identification of DFD and diabetic patient's awareness and how to take care of DFD will reduce the incidence of the disease. This study aimed to assess knowledge, awareness and practice with diabetic foot among diabetic patients attended to Chronic Diseases Clinic in Al-Kharj hospital.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at chronic diseases clinic, in Al-Kharj hospital, Riyadh Saudi Arabia between 9th of February to 8th of March 2022. standardized questionnaire was used to collect information upon knowledge, attitude and practice toward diabetic foot care. Data entry was performed using SPSS.
Results: The responses of 165 of which (63.6%) were male, (55.2%) were older than fifty years. moreover 32.1% have high school degree (24.2%), have bachelor’s degree. The duration of diabetic foot is more than 6 years among 74.5% of the patients. (62.4%) of participants had good glycemic control. Most (72.1%) of participants claimed to be nonsmoker.
Concerning knowledge (60.6%) of the patients indicating higher level, (mean 5.50, standard deviation 1.80). It was observed that near half of participants (48.5%) had a negative awareness towards the disease (mean 3.07, standard deviation 2.18). while in practice (37.6%) participants scored poorly, (mean 6.77, standard deviation 2.74).
We discovered that educational background, family income, gender, glycemic control, duration of diabetes and smoking correlated with patients’ practice and awareness about foot care.
Conclusions: Participants have adequate knowledge; motivate to improve their awareness and practices toward diabetic foot care. As well as patient education should be provided to patients, the results of this study may help guide those groups most in need and help reducing the incidence of diabetic foot.
Keywords: DM; Diabetic Foot Care; Knowledge; Awareness and Practices
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