Gender-Based Violence as a Social Problem of Science
Juan Carlos Mirabal Requena1*, Belkis Alvarez Escobar2, C José Alejandro Concepción Pacheco3, Yanara Oviedo Cornelio4 and Mirta Santos León5
1Master in Bioenergetic and Natural Medicine in the Community, Second Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, First Degree Specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Assistant Principal Professor, Assistant Researcher, University of Medical Sciences, Provincial Directorate of Health, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
2Master in Satisfactory Longevity, Second Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, Principal Assistant Professor, Associate Researcher, University of Medical Sciences, Methodological Department, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
3Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Bachelor of Language, Associate Professor, Principal Researcher, University of Medical Sciences, Postgraduate Address, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
4First Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine and Internal Medicine, Assistant Principal Professor, University of Medical Sciences of Sancti Spíritus, School of Medicine Dr, Faustino Pérez Hernández, Provincial Directorate of Health, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
5Master in Comprehensive Care for Women, First Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, Assistant Principal Professor, University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine Dr, Faustino Pérez Hernández, Provincial Directorate of Health, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba
*Corresponding Author: Juan Carlos Mirabal Requena, Master in Bioenergetic and Natural Medicine in the Community, Second Degree Specialist in Comprehensive General Medicine, First Degree Specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Assistant Principal Professor, Assistant Researcher, University of Medical Sciences, Provincial Directorate of Health, Sancti Spiritus, Cuba.
April 17, 2023; Published: July 06, 2023
Gender-based violence refers to harmful acts directed against a person or a group of people based on their gender. Despite the notable advances achieved by Cuba in terms of gender, there are still gaps between men and women. The goal is to define the scope and nature of the existing scientific literature on gender-based violence as a social problem of science. A bibliographic review was carried out. The following keywords were used: gender-based violence, intrafamily violence, mistreatment of women and girls, actions against gender-based violence and action protocol against gender-based violence. Articles in Spanish, English and Portuguese were used for the search. The articles consulted indicate that it is a structural factor of inequality in societies and one of the most serious effects on health. It is an endemic and epidemic evil of patriarchal culture globally. Most of the time it is not addressed with the clarity it requires and they generally remain anonymous. It is necessary to be more proactive, that it be recognized as a health problem, with its statistical heading and therefore that it be the protagonist of research lines.
Keywords: Gender-Based Violence; Intrafamily Violence; Mistreatment of Women; Actions; Protocol
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