Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 7

Prevalence, Knowledge, and Awareness Level of Dietary Supplements Use Among Medical Students at the University of Hail, Saudi Arabia

Alfatih Alnajib1,3, Khalid Altamimi2* and Abdalmjeed Alharbi2

1Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
2Collage of Medicine, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Alneelain University, Khartoum, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Khalid Altamimi, Collage of Medicine, Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia.

Received: May 29, 2023; Published: June 15, 2023

Abstract

The usage of dietary supplements has grown worldwide due to the widespread notion of their effect on health. Therefore, this study comes to assess the prevalence and awareness level of using dietary supplements among medical college students of Hail University, Hail, Saudi Arabia. Using a two-form questionnaire through a link and a hard copy distributed to all the 400 students enrolled in the College of Medicine at the University of Hail, we have assessed the magnitude and understanding of dietary supplements among 334 responders to the three parts questionnaire, i.e., personal data, prevalence, and general knowledge. 43.1% (n = 144) used dietary supplements, while 56.9% (n = 190) did not. The gender-specific usage in females (50.6%) was much higher than in males (35.5%). The main reason for using Dietary Supplements was reported as inadequate Dietary intake in 41.0%. According to our study, almost half of the students utilize dietary supplements for the notion of inadequacy of their dietary intake. We found an association between gender and using of dietary supplements as well as a relation between gender and dietary supplement type. These findings have significant clinical and public health implications. Future vertical studies on the components of food supplements would reveal more insight into the nutritional value and recommended daily allowance of the foodstuff used.

 Keywords: Dietary Supplements; Prevalence; Awareness; Nutritional Supplements

References

  1. Questions and Answers on Dietary Supplements | FDA. (n.d.) (2023).
  2. Chauhan B., et al. “Current concepts and prospects of herbal nutraceutical: A review”. Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research1 (2013): 4.
  3. Samreen S., et al. “Prevalence and use of dietary supplements among pharmacy students in Saudi Arabia”. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy 13 (2020): 1523-1531.
  4. McGinnis J M., et al. “National Institutes of Health State-of-the-Science Conference Statement: Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements and Chronic Disease Prevention”. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition1 (2007): 257S-264S.
  5. Dickinson A and Mackay D. “Health habits and other characteristics of dietary supplement users: A review”. Nutrition Journal1 (2014): 1-8.
  6. Altamimi JZ. “Awareness of the Consumption of Dietary Supplements among Students in a University in Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism (2019).
  7. Sample Size Calculator by Raosoft, Inc. (n.d.) (2023).
  8. McCrum-Gardner E. “Sample size and power calculations made simple” 17.1 (2013): 10-14.
  9. Alhashem AM., et al. “Prevalence, patterns, and attitude regarding dietary supplement use in Saudi Arabia: Data from 2019”. PLOS ONE9 (2019): e0274412.
  10. Naqvi A A., et al. “Dietary Supplement Use Among Students of Pharmacy Colleges in the City of Karachi, Pakistan: Prevalence, Opinions, and Attitudes”. 16.2 (2018): 166-178.
  11. Alfawaz H., et al. “Prevalence of dietary supplement use and associated factors among female college students in Saudi Arabia”. BMC Women’s Health1 (2017): 1-7.
  12. Lawand L., et al. “Assessment of Dietary Supplements Use among American University of Beirut Students: Prevalence, Knowledge, and Reasons for Supplementation”. 20.1 (2021): 106-117.
  13. Ahmad A., et al. “Prevalence of vitamin-mineral supplement use among Jordan University students”. (2008): 1326-1331.
  14. Alowais M and Selim M EH. “Knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding dietary supplements in Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care2 (2019): 365.
  15. Lieberman HR., et al. “Patterns of dietary supplement use among college students”. Clinical Nutrition5 (2015): 976-985.
  16. Moore K L and Saddam A M. “Dietary Supplement Use Among Undergraduate College Students”. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 9 (1999): A96.
  17. Radwan H., et al. “Prevalence of Dietary Supplement Use and Associated Factors Among College Students in the United Arab Emirates”. Journal of Community Health6 (2019): 1135-1140.

Citation

Citation: Alfatih Alnajib., et al. “Prevalence, Knowledge, and Awareness Level of Dietary Supplements Use Among Medical Students at the University of Hail, Saudi Arabia”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.7 (2023): 83-88.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Khalid Altamimi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US