Effects of Vipassana Insight Meditation on Quality of Life and Plasma Endogenous Beta-endorphin Level in Registered Meditators Practicing Meditation at the Well-established Meditation Centres in Selangor
Yan Naing Soe1, Kye Mon Min Swe2*, Ong Hui Tin3, Myo Oo4, Hnin Pwint Phyu3, Thaw Zin3 and Htar Htar Aung5
1Department of Surgery, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia
2Department of Medicine, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia
3Department of Preclinical Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia
4Department of Population Medicine, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia
5Department of Preclinical Sciences, International Medical University, Malaysia
*Corresponding Author: Kye Mon Min Swe, Department of Medicine, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia.
May 17, 2023; Published: June 15, 2023
Background: The essence of teaching-learning practice in Buddhism is based on “Access concentration” and “Vipassana Insight Meditation”. The practical process includes the synthesis of the inter-relationship of conditionality, dependent arising and path to purification. Nowadays, “Vipassana Insight Meditation became an interesting practice around the world. The main outcome of “Vipassana Insight Meditation is to achieve four sublime modes of living: Loving-kindness, Compassion, Appreciative joy, and Equanimity. This project is aimed to enhance the scientific proof of the effect of Vipassana Insight meditation (Dhamma propagation). The objectives were to measure the effects on plasma endogenous beta-endorphin levels in the meditators and to determine the effects of insight meditation on quality of life by WHOQOL-BREF questionnaires.
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among registered meditators from the intakes of the Vipassana insight meditation course run by BMSM- Vipassana Meditation Centers in Malaysia. The meditators were divided into two groups Group A- 20 junior meditators who were contemplating phase 1 or phase 2 access concentration and Group B- 20 senior meditators who were contemplating a higher level of access concentration.
Results: A total of 40 meditators participated, with 20 senior meditators and 20 junior meditators. The domain scores of WHO quality-of-life among all the meditators are as follows: Physical health 56.83, Psychological health 60.23, Social relationship 65.95, and Environmental 70. Both junior and senior meditator groups have significant outcomes after the meditation practice.
The beta-endorphin level was detected in 8 junior meditators and among them, four participants were found to have a significant after the meditation course (Z = -2.521) (p = .012). On the other hand, the beta-endorphin level is detected in 10 participants of the senior meditator’s group, among them, all of them have a significant level of increase in the level of the hormone after the meditation course (Z = -2.803) (p = .005).
Conclusion: This study provides strong evidence of improvement in the quality-of-life measure after the meditation course for all the meditators. The beta-endorphin level before and after the meditation shows that there is a scientifically proven influence of meditation on the hormone level. The results from the senior meditators group express that most of them have a significant increase in the level of beta-endorphins even before the meditation course. A similar result was observed in three of the junior meditators. That is the essence of insight meditation which is a dynamic development of individualized attainment and contemplation of the state of mind.,
Keywords: Quality of Life; Endogenous Beta Endorphin; Vipassana Insight Meditation
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