Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 6

Metabolic Syndrome and its Relationship with Hearing Loss: Review of Literature

Gaukhar Bakhtiyarova1*, Remzi Tınazlı2 and Mehtap Tınazlı3

1Near East University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Nicosia, TRNC, Cyprus
2Near East University Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Nicosia, TRNC, Cyprus
3Near East University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Nicosia, TRNC, Cyprus

*Corresponding Author: Gaukhar Bakhtiyarova, Near East University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Nicosia, TRNC, Cyprus.

Received: April 17, 2023; Published: May 08, 2023

Abstract

Metabolic syndrome (Met S) is a serious health problem that is becoming increasingly common all over the world. This almost pandemic condition includes a variety of abnormalities such as obesity, hypertension, impaired glucose tolerance, high triglycerides levels, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels. Although the exact etiopathogenesis is not known, insulin resistance seems to play the most important role. The presence of Met S is important because it is associated with the risk of stroke, heart disease, and the development of diabetes mellitus. In addition to cardiometabolic complications, it is a disorder that can cause multysistemic problems, including hearing loss. There are many studies supporting the relationship between Met S and hearing loss in the literature. The precise mechanism behind this association are not yet fully understood, but it is thought that the metabolic changes (insulin resistance, inflammation, oxidative stress) that occure in Met S may damage the blood vessels and nerves of inner ear, which can lead to hearing loss. In particular, high blood pressure and high blood sugar levels are thought to be major contributors to this process.

Hearing loss is a problem that increases with aging and can develop due to various environmental factors such as noise exposure and infections as well as genetic reasons. It is a common a major problem that the quality of life directly affects negatively.

Treatment for Met S usually involves lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity and improving diet, as well as medications to manage the individual risk factors. Diagnosing and managing Met S may therefore be important for preventing or managing hearing loss. The aim of this review is to try to explain the relationship between Met S and hearing loss and to provide detailed literature support. In addition, new treatment approaches targeting risk factors will be mentioned.

 Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome; Hearing Loss; Risk Factors; Therapy

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Citation

Citation: Gaukhar Bakhtiyarova., et al. “Metabolic Syndrome and its Relationship with Hearing Loss: Review of Literature”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.6 (2023): 19-25.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Gaukhar Bakhtiyarova., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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