Socio-demographic, Clinical Profile and Status of Glycaemic Control Among Diabetic Patients in a Rural Tertiary Hospital
Ayodapo Abayomi Olusola1*, Olagbemide Olanrewaju Joel2, Agboola Segun Matthew2, Elegbede Olayide Toyin2, Omosanya Olusegun Emmanuel2, Omoyajowo Adefunke Christianah3, Monsudi Kehinde Fasasi4, Ayodapo, Esther Opeyemi5, Akinbode, Akeem Opeyemi6 and Ibraheem, Abdulrauf7
1Attending Physician, South Faisaliyah PHC, Arar; and Trainer, Saudi Board of Family Medicine, Arar, Northern Border, Saudi Arabia
2Consultant Family Physician, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Nigeria
3Lecturer, Statistics Programme, Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria
4Consultant Ophthalmologist, Department of Ophthalmology, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria
5Principal Nursing Officer, Department of Paediatrics, Federal Teaching Hospital, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
6Senior Registrar, Family Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Nigeria
7Consultant Family Physician, Department of Family Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Birnin-Kebbi, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ayodapo Abayomi Olusola, Attending Physician, South Faisaliyah PHC, Arar; and Trainer, Saudi Board of Family Medicine, Arar, Northern Border, Saudi Arabia.
April 21, 2023; Published: April 26, 2023
Background: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most relevant issues of contemporary healthcare due to its prevalence, its physical and psychosocial consequences for patients and their family; and its economic impact on the society. Poor control may result in complications.
Objective: The study assessed the relationship between socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profile and glycaemic control among adult Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) attending diabetic clinic of Family Medicine department of a tertiary hospital.
Method: This was a cross sectional study carried out among 367 patients selected by systematic random sampling method. Relevant data collected through a semi-structured questionnaire, clinical data recorded and fasting plasma glucose were utilized for the study. Data were analysed using SPSS version 20.
Results: The female to male ratio was nearly equal (1.01:1). The mean (SD) age of respondents was 61.7 ± 11.4 years. Majority 306 (83.4%) of the respondents were older than 50years of age. Most respondents, 164 (44.7%) lived on less than two US dollars per day. About half, 168 (45.8%) had a good glycaemic control. Significant relationship exists between marital status, socioeconomic status, smoking, number of co-morbidities, BMI and glycaemic control. Level of education, occupation, and social status can play an independent role in glycaemic control.
Conclusions: From this study, control of diabetes was still not at the optimal level among the diabetes population, and socio-economic status has a role to play in glycaemic control.
Keywords: Clinical Profile; Glycaemic Control; Socio-Demographic Characteristics; T2DM
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