Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 7 Issue 5

Humma-e-Yaum (Ephemeral Fever): A Unique Concept of Humma (Fever) in the Unani System of Medicine

Sidra1, Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari2*, Saba Bano3 and Sheema4

1PG Scholar, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India
3PG Scholar, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India
4PG Scholar, Department of Amraze Jild wa Tazeeniyat (Skin and Cosmetology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India

*Corresponding Author: Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari, Assistant Professor, Department of Mahiyatul Amraz (Pathology), National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bengaluru, India.

Received: March 21, 2023; Published: April 20, 2023

Abstract

Fever also referred to as pyrexia, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body’s temperature set point. It is known as ‘Tapp’ and ‘Bukhar’ in Persian and the common Indian language respectively. Fever is perhaps the oldest known medical condition. Fever being easily detectable by the patients, led them to approach a suitable cure by themselves or by physicians to bring down the temperature to normal. The ancient physicians were aware of the role of febrile diseases as a cause of death. However, in early Greek writings fever was not differentiated as to whether it was a sign or a symptom. Similarly, there was early confusion about the difference between a sign or symptom of fever and fever sickness, and little attention was paid to the true definition. Ancient physicians like Hippocrates and Galen have described fever in their writings. Avicenna and Rhazes described various types of fever based on the derangement in pneuma and humours etc. of the body known as Humma-e-Yaum (Ephemeral fever) or one-day fever and Humma-e-Khiltia (Humoural fever) respectively. In this paper, an attempt is made to explain the Humma-e-Yaum (Ephemeral fever) and its types as mentioned in the Unani System of Medicine. Relevant literary material was collected from the Unani books like Hummiyat-e-Qanoon, Al-Qanoon fit Tibb, Ikseere Azam, Kulliyate Nafeesi. The Unani classical literature books were reviewed manually. The authors also searched for various relevant journals from Google scholar, PubMed etc.

 Keywords: Humma; Humma-e-Yaum; Fever; Unani Medicine

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Citation

Citation: Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari., et al. “Humma-e-Yaum (Ephemeral Fever): A Unique Concept of Humma (Fever) in the Unani System of Medicine”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.5 (2023): 143-149.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Tasfiya Hakeem Ansari., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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