Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 3

Oncogenic Characteristics, Functional Partners and Protein Structure Variations in Isolated MDM2 Gene among Liver Cancer Patients in UCTH, Calabar, Nigeria

Sunday Cecilia James, Kooffreh Mary E, Umoyen John A, Ubi Godwin M*, Agbor Reagan B, Ekerette Emmanuel E and Ekpenyong Blessing B

Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Ubi Godwin M, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.

Received: January 05, 2023; Published: February 09, 2023

Abstract

This research investigated the oncogenic properties and protein structure variations of mutations in the mouse double minutes 2 (MDM2) gene implicated in liver cancer patients in the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar. Forty five liver cancer patients and fifty controls were recruited for the study. Blood samples were collected for molecular analysis. DNA was isolated from the blood samples of all the subjects and sequenced for the presence of MDM2 gene mutation. The chromatogram was decoded into nucleotide sequences using Chromas Pro and later translated to protein sequences. Bioinformatics tools were used to unveil the oncogenic characteristics, functional partners of MDM2 gene/protein interactions and the MDM2 protein structure variations. The result revealed significant differences in oncogenic characteristics as molecular weights, theoretical isoelectric points, total number of atoms, size of gene, G-C content, extinction coefficient, estimated half- life, instability index, aliphatic index, total positively and negatively charged amino acids and hydropathicity of the MDM2 gene for both patient and control group isolates. The results of MDM2 gene oncology /protein interactions revealed strong relationship and interactions with functional partners of major genes and proteins such as MDM4, TP53, TP57, RLP11, EP300, UPST and CDKN2A proteins. Results of secondary protein structures for the MDM2 gene isolates showed variations in the percentage distribution of alpha helices, beta sheets, extended strands and random coil. The tertiary protein structure further revealed the double mouse shape of the gene which accounts for the name mouse double minutes 2 gene. Knowledge of the oncogenic characteristics of the mutated and non-mutated MDM2 gene and the variations that exist in the protein structure characteristics can play a major significant role in the design and development of therapy for liver cancer disease and further help to unmasked the genetic factors and interactions that trigger the loss of functions and deviant expressivity of the mutated MDM2 gene among patients. Hence, the findings of this study serve as baseline information for further studies on the genetic etiology of the disease.

Keywords: MDM2 Gene Oncology; Alpha Helices; Tertiary Structure; Molecular Characteristics; Biological Process

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Citation

Citation: Sunday Cecilia James., et al. “Oncogenic Characteristics, Functional Partners and Protein Structure Variations in Isolated MDM2 Gene among Liver Cancer Patients in UCTH, Calabar, Nigeria”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.3 (2023): 65-75.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Sunday Cecilia James., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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