Bilbil Hoxha1*, Ervin Toçi2, Enver Roshi2, Fjolla Hyseni3, Edlira Horjeti4, Guri Hyseni5 and Breta Kotorri6
1Urology Service, University Hospital Center “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania
2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medicine, Tirana, Albania
3NYU Langone Medical Center, New York City, USA
4Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minnesota, USA
5Department of Endocrine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester Minnesota, USA
6University of Kosovo, Germia District of Pristina, Kosovo
*Corresponding Author: Bilbil Hoxha, Department of Surgery, Urology Service, University Hospital Center “Mother Teresa”, Tirana, Albania.
Received: December 20, 2022; Published: January 20, 2023
Purpose: This study aimed to shed light on the prevalence and epidemiology of aberrant renal vessels in a group of patients diagnosed with hydronephrosis in Albania.
Material and Methods: This is a case-series study of 81 patients diagnosed with hydronephrosis and showing up at the Urology Service of the University Hospital Center "Mother Teresa", in Tirana, during the years 2010-2014. All patients were examined in order to confirm the hydronephrosis diagnosis and to potentially detect the presence of aberrant renal vessels. Basic socio-demographic data were collected and the chi square test was used to assess their distribution among patients with and without aberrant renal vessels.
Results: The mean age of participating patients was 27.7 years ± 13.78 years, 51.9% males, 53.1% residing in urban areas, 42% unemployed. The patients came all over the country as demonstrated by the distribution of them according to country’s prefectures. The overall prevalence of aberrant vessels in patients with hydronephrosis was 42%, the prevalence of aberrant renal arteries was 29.6%, and the prevalence of aberrant renal veins was 18.5%. About 32% of patients with hydronephrosis had one type of aberrant renal vessel (artery or vein) and 9.9% had both types of aberrant renal vessel (both artery and vein). In 9.9% of cases aberrant vessels were located in the right kidney, in 30.9% of the participants they were located in the left kidney and in 1.2% of all participants the aberrant vessels were present in it both kidneys simultaneously (bilateral). No significant differences in the prevalence of aberrant renal vessels were detected by gender, age and place of residence of participants.
Conclusions: The epidemiology of aberrant renal vessels among patients with hydronephrosis in Albania is comparable to literature reports. The epidemiology of accessory renal vessels can help professionals in the field to suspect and seek evidence of these structures in their patients, since these health conditions are quite frequent and could interfere with the relevant surgical procedures.
Keywords: Albania; Aberrant Renal Vessels; Accessory; Epidemiology; Multiple
Citation: Bilbil Hoxha., et al. “Epidemiology of Accessory Renal Vessels Among Patients with Hydronephrosis in Albania”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 7.2 (2023): 110-117.
Copyright: © 2022 Bilbil Hoxha., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.