Knowledge and Adherence to Traffic Regulations and Their Impact Among Female Drivers in Saudi Arabia
Renad A Alsalem1, Fay S Algarfan1, Reem M Almohaimeed1, Samar M Almufleh1, G Elhesaiwi2, Huny Bakry2 and Lamiaa Fiala2*
1Graduates, Health Education Program, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Lamiaa Fiala, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Noura Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
December 30, 2022; Published: January 12, 2023
Background: Road traffic crashes are a real public health problem. It is the leading cause of mortality among young adults, causing the deaths of 1.35 million people. Females in Saudi are novice in vehicle driving exposing them to the road traffic crashes.
Aim: This study aims to assess the knowledge and adherence of female drivers in Saudi Arabia regarding the traffic regulations, and the impact of road traffic crashes.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study design, analytic type. The sample size is calculated to be 384 female drivers. The convenient sampling technique is used to recruit the female drivers. The study was conducted from October to April 2022. Data were collected using a questionnaire designed and validated by the researchers.
Results: Knowledge and adherence questions were coded then categorized into good and poor. Only 32.1% of the females were found to have good knowledge of traffic regulations, while 60.1% of the females had good adherence.
Conclusion: This study revealed most of the participants have poor knowledge, while most of them have good adherence to traffic regulations that they know.
Keywords: Knowledge; Adherence; Road Traffic Regulations Impact; Traffic Regulations; Female Driver
- “Road traffic injuries”. Who.int. (2021).
- Asefa N., et al. “Prevalence and Factors Associated with Road Traffic Crash among Taxi Drivers in Mekelle Town, Northern Ethiopia, 2014: A Cross Sectional Study”. PLOS ONE3 (2015): e0118675.
- int. (2021).
- Sanjay Ramakrishna., et al. “Inhaled budesonide in the treatment of early COVID-19 (STOIC): a phase 2, open-label, randomised controlled trial”. Lancet Respiratory Medicine6 (2021): e55.
- Ahmad A Al-Tit., et al. “Traffic Safety Factors in the Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia”. SAGE Journals (2021).
- Al-Garawi N and Kamargianni M. “Women's modal switching behavior since driving is allowed in Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Transport Geography 96 (2021): 103192.
- Ngamjarus C and Chongsuvivatwon VN. Studies. The Royal Golden Jubilee Ph.D. Program - The Thailand Research Fund, prince of Songkla University, (2013).
- https://www.moi.gov.sa/wps/portal/!ut/p/z0/fY67DoIwFIZfpUvnc1BCwsjgBTUx0UHs0jRY8Ci0X Ar6-Bbc2f5b_nwgIANh1EilcmSNqry_i0hiGob7IFwdz-tkg0m0PcWXGIM0QLiqDg4glkf-hV5tKxIQuTVOfx1ktSX2oI8yHCf5tLVmc2kcUx3HKeDY6XKoZhiOrlNFQTkbyf6jnknWaI_pSPfzjVzey Icu1FA56aGb9-72A6Cqg8I!/
- Wahaq A and Bawazir A. “Female Drivers’ Attitudes and Behavior Regarding Traffic Regulations in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. (2021).
- Tavakol M and Dennick R. “Making sense of Cronbach's alpha”. International Journal of Medical Education 2 (2011): 53-55.
- “If Cronbach's alpha is low and I do not want to abandon my questionnaire, what needs to be done?” ResearchGate. (2022).
- JMP®, Version <16>. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, 1989-2021.
- AlZahrani A. “Knowledge and attitude toward road traffic regulations among students of Health Sciences College in Taif Region, KSA”. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health2 (2015): 241.
- Awialie Akaateba M and Amoh-Gyimah R. “Driver Attitude Towards Traffic Safety Violations and Risk Taking Behaviour in Kumasi: the Gender and Age Dimension”. International Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering 4 (2013): 479-494.
- Mary AE., et al. “A cross sectional study to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards road safety rules and regulations among Higher Secondary school students in Chennai”. (2016): 779-89.
- Alsallum GA., et al. “Parent’ s knowledge, attitude, and practice about children car seats at Unaizah city, KSA”. (2019): 805-811.
- Alghnam S., et al. “The effectiveness of introducing detection cameras on compliance with mobile phone and seatbelt laws: a before-after study among drivers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. International Journal of Epidemiology 1 (2018): 4-11.
- Ansari T., et al. “Risky health behaviors among students in Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”. Journal of Family and Community Medicine3 (2016): 133-139.
- Jonason PK., et al. In Psychology.
- Article O., et al. “Mobile phone use while driving: a major public health problem in an Arabian society, State of Qatar — mobile phone use and the risk of motor vehicle crashes”. (2010).
- Systems ST., et al. “Analysis of the Speeding Behaviour of Jordanian Drivers”. (2020).
- Car M., et al. “Why do people speed?” 2. (2019).
- Submission MA. “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Road Traffic Regulations Among University”. (2010).
- Baig M., et al. “Prevalence and attitude of university students towards mobile phone use while driving in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia”. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion 4 (2018): 372-377.
- Mansuri FA., et al. “Road safety and road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia: A systematic review of existing evidence”. Saudi Medical Journal4 (2015): 418-424.
- Peer E. “The time-saving bias, speed choices and driving behavior”. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 6 (2011): 543-554.
- Mirzaei R., et al. “Dominant role of drivers’ attitude in prevention of road traffic crashes: A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice of drivers in Iran”. Accident Analysis and Prevention 66 (2014): 36-42.