Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 6 Issue 12

The Red Blood Cell Not Only for Colour Identity but with Complex Material Properties

Raphael Chinweike Okolo1,2*, Silas A Ufelle1, Peter U Achukwu1 and Emmanuel S Ngwu2

1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
2District Hospital Nsukka, Nsukka Enugu State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Raphael Chinweike Okolo, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria.

Received: November 08, 2022; Published: November 28, 2022

Abstract

The red blood cells are biconcave disc in shape, flattened and depressed in the center. The shape with its high surface area to volume (SAPV) ratio helps to accelerate diffusion of gases. The red cell membrane consists of bilayers of proteins and lipids which are rich in the glycosphingolipids that reside on the red blood cells and serve as the major determinants for the discovery of blood groups that are of major importance in blood group serology, paternity dispute and in transfusion medicine. Not only that, the membrane proteins carry the various blood group antigens, transporting ions, endothelial cells as signaling receptors and adhesive properties. This makes the red blood cells possible not to experience protein synthesis and for that no viral attack on them. The red blood cell abnormalities are being regulated by three constitutive characteristics namely, the geometry of the cell that is the cell surface to volume ratio, cytoplasm viscosity powered by intracellular haemoglobin concentration and membrane deformability. This review highlights on the importance of the red blood cell in our diagnosis and also its importance in study of red blood cell morphology to assist in the classification of numerous disease condition which can be treated with mere blood film microscopy.

Keywords: Red blood Cells; Haemoglobins; Membrane Proteins; Oxygen; Erythropoiesis

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Citation

Citation: Raphael Chinweike Okolo., et al. “The Red Blood Cell Not Only for Colour Identity but with Complex Material Properties”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.12 (2022): 121-126.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Raphael Chinweike Okolo., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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