Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 9

Diabetes Prevalence and its Association with Diet and Lifestyle Among Adults in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh

Md Abeed Hasan1*, U Swai Ching Marma1, Aye Noyai Prue1 and Charls Erik Halder2

1Department of Public Health and Life Science, North South University, Bangladesh
2Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI) - University of Manchester, UK

*Corresponding Author: Charls Erik Halder, Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI), University of Manchester, UK.

Received: June 27, 2022; Published: August 04, 2022

Abstract

Diabetes is one of the most critical issues relating to public health that developing nations are now experiencing. The people of Bangladesh have a limited understanding of the elements that contribute to diabetes risk. Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem in both industrialized and developing nations, and its occurrence has significantly grown, giving the illness the characteristics of an epidemic. Diabetes is characterized by a high blood sugar level that results in a buildup of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is caused by a complex interplay of factors, including genetics, environment, and behavior. Exercise is very necessary for the successful control of diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance can be lowered, glucose tolerance can be increased, lipid profiles may be improved, and both cardiopulmonary and cardiovascular performance can be enhanced with regular exercise. This article presents the most compelling evidence about the connections between one's lifestyle, diet, and the development of type 2 diabetes. The prevention of diabetes via the management of its risk factors is now one of the most pressing issues in public health, and its solution should be investigated by both medical professionals and policymakers for early intervention.

The findings of the research were deduced from the responses of one hundred and ten adults aged 18 and older who took part in the inquiry. The respondent's blood pressure was determined by taking an average of the results of the second and third measurements, which were taken at around 10-minute intervals between each of the three tests. In all, the respondent had three readings taken. The respondent's blood pressure was determined by taking the average of the results from the second and third readings taken of their blood pressure. A patient was considered to have diabetes if their blood glucose level was more than or equivalent to 11.1 mmol/L, or if they self-reported using diabetic medication. If you have hypertension, which is defined as a systolic blood pressure that is more than 140 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure that is greater than 90 mmHg, or if you are currently receiving treatment with antihypertensive medication, then you have hypertension.

Our study reveals that 56% of diabetics were unaware of their condition, and just 40% took their medication as prescribed by their doctor. According to the results of a recent research done and released by the International Diabetes Federation, more than 50% of diabetics in South Asia are ignorant of their condition. Diabetes is wreaking havoc on young people in developing nations, causing disability, economic loss, and premature death.

Diabetes affects more than 10% of adults in the United States at this point, and the number of people being diagnosed with the disease is fast increasing at an alarming rate. A significant fraction of diabetic patients are unaware that they have the condition, and the vast majority of diabetics do not get treatment on a continual basis.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes; Risk Factors; Physical Activity; Diabetes Mellitus; Bangladesh

References

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Citation

Citation: Md Abeed Hasan., et al. “Diabetes Prevalence and its Association with Diet and Lifestyle Among Adults in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.9 (2022): 09-15.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Md Abeed Hasan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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