Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 9

Diabetes Prevalence and its Association with Diet and Lifestyle Among Adults in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh

Md Abeed Hasan1*, U Swai Ching Marma1, Aye Noyai Prue1 and Charls Erik Halder2

1Department of Public Health and Life Science, North South University, Bangladesh
2Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI) - University of Manchester, UK

*Corresponding Author: Charls Erik Halder, Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute (HCRI), University of Manchester, UK.

Received: June 27, 2022; Published: August 04, 2022


Diabetes is one of the most critical issues relating to public health that developing nations are now experiencing. The people of Bangladesh have a limited understanding of the elements that contribute to diabetes risk. Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem in both industrialized and developing nations, and its occurrence has significantly grown, giving the illness the characteristics of an epidemic. Diabetes is characterized by a high blood sugar level that results in a buildup of glucose in the blood. Diabetes is caused by a complex interplay of factors, including genetics, environment, and behavior. Exercise is very necessary for the successful control of diabetes mellitus. Insulin resistance can be lowered, glucose tolerance can be increased, lipid profiles may be improved, and both cardiopulmonary and cardiovascular performance can be enhanced with regular exercise. This article presents the most compelling evidence about the connections between one's lifestyle, diet, and the development of type 2 diabetes. The prevention of diabetes via the management of its risk factors is now one of the most pressing issues in public health, and its solution should be investigated by both medical professionals and policymakers for early intervention.

The findings of the research were deduced from the responses of one hundred and ten adults aged 18 and older who took part in the inquiry. The respondent's blood pressure was determined by taking an average of the results of the second and third measurements, which were taken at around 10-minute intervals between each of the three tests. In all, the respondent had three readings taken. The respondent's blood pressure was determined by taking the average of the results from the second and third readings taken of their blood pressure. A patient was considered to have diabetes if their blood glucose level was more than or equivalent to 11.1 mmol/L, or if they self-reported using diabetic medication. If you have hypertension, which is defined as a systolic blood pressure that is more than 140 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure that is greater than 90 mmHg, or if you are currently receiving treatment with antihypertensive medication, then you have hypertension.

Our study reveals that 56% of diabetics were unaware of their condition, and just 40% took their medication as prescribed by their doctor. According to the results of a recent research done and released by the International Diabetes Federation, more than 50% of diabetics in South Asia are ignorant of their condition. Diabetes is wreaking havoc on young people in developing nations, causing disability, economic loss, and premature death.

Diabetes affects more than 10% of adults in the United States at this point, and the number of people being diagnosed with the disease is fast increasing at an alarming rate. A significant fraction of diabetic patients are unaware that they have the condition, and the vast majority of diabetics do not get treatment on a continual basis.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes; Risk Factors; Physical Activity; Diabetes Mellitus; Bangladesh


  1. Lozano R., et al. “Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010”. Lancet 380 (2012): 2095-2128.
  2. Murray CJ., et al. “Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010”. Lancet 380 (2012): 2197-223.
  3. International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Country estimates table 2011. IDF diabetes atlas. 6th (2012).
  4. Rahim MA., et al. “Rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes in rural Bangladesh: a population based study”. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 77 (2007): 300-305.
  5. Saquib N., et al. “Cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes in Bangladesh: a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies between 1995 and 2010”. BMC Public Health 12 (2012): 434.
  6. Shera AS., et al. “Pakistan National Diabetes Survey: prevalence of glucose intolerance and associated factors in Baluchistan province”. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 44 (1999): 49-58.
  7. Yang W., et al. “China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Study Group. Prevalence of diabetes among men and women in China”. The New England Journal of Medicine 362 (2010): 1090-101.
  8. Zhang H., et al. “Relation of socio-economic status to impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes: findings based on a large population-based cross-sectional study in Tianjin, China”. Diabetic Medicine 30 (2013): e157-162.
  9. D’Orazio P., et al. “International Federation of Clinical Chemistry Scientific Division Working Group on Selective Electrodes and Point of Care Testing. Approved IFCC recommendation on reporting results for blood glucose (abbreviated)”. Clinical Chemistry 51 (2005): 1573-1576.
  10. von Elm E., et al. “Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies”. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 85 (2007): 867-872.
  11. abu Sayeed M., et al. “Effect of socioeconomic risk factors on the difference in prevalence of diabetes between rural and urban populations in Bangladesh”. Diabetes Care 20 (1997): 551-555.
  12. Rahman MM., et al. “Self-reported illness and household strategies for coping with health-care payments in Bangladesh”. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 91 (2013): 449-458.
  13. Savedoff WD., et al. “Political and economic aspects of the transition to universal health coverage”. Lancet 380 (2012): 924-932.
  14. Moreno-Serra R and Smith PC. “Does progress towards universal health coverage improve population health?” Lancet 380 (2012): 917-923.


Citation: Md Abeed Hasan., et al. “Diabetes Prevalence and its Association with Diet and Lifestyle Among Adults in Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.9 (2022): 09-15.


Copyright: © 2022 Md Abeed Hasan., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US