Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Case Report Volume 6 Issue 7

Sigmoid Volvulus: Case Report and Literature Review

Leidy Cristina Sánchez Gómez1*, Nadia Ruth Cruz Cruz2

1Diagnostic and Therapeutic Imaging Resident, Hospital Central Sur de Alta Especialidad de Petróleos Mexicanos - National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
2Radiologist, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Imaging Service, Hospital Central Sur de Alta Especialidad de Petróleos Mexicanos - National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

*Corresponding Author: Leidy Cristina Sánchez Gómez, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Imaging Resident, Hospital Central Sur de Alta Especialidad de Petróleos Mexicanos - National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

Received: February 23, 2022; Published: June 17, 2022

Abstract

Sigmoid volvulus consists of torsion on your mesentery, which leads to intestinal obstruction, volvulus usually affects people in their seventh decade, predominantly in the male gender. Diagnostic support through radiography and abdominal tomography allow to identify the torsion site, as well as the compromise of the intestinal loop. Treatment is controversial, ranging from endoscopic management to intestinal resection, anastomosis and colostomy, for subsequent reconnection [2]. Two cases of patients with sigmoid volvulus who required emergency surgical intervention are presented. Thus, the timely diagnosis and treatment of sigmoid volvulus reduce patient morbidity by allowing less extensive resections.

Keywords: Intestinal Obstruction; Sigmoid Disease; Intestinal Volvulus

References

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  2. Lai SH and Vogel JD. “Diagnosis and Management of Colonic Volvulus”. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 4 (2021): 375-378.
  3. Uylas U and Kayaalp C. “Different clinicopathological features of non-elderly sigmoid volvulus patients”. International Journal of Colorectal Disease 10 (2020): 1937-1942.
  4. Vogel JD., et al. “Clinical practice guidelines for colon volvulus and acute colonic pseudo-obstruction”. Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 7 (2016): 589-600.
  5. Heo S., et al. “Sigmoid volvulus: identifying patients requiring emergency surgery with the dark torsion knot sign”. European Radiology10 (2019): 5723-5730.
  6. Wortman JR., et al. “Pearls and pitfalls in multimodality imaging of colonic volvulus”. Radiographics 4 (2020): 1039-1040.
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  8. Atamalp SS. “Sigmoid volvulus: An update for atamanalp classification”. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences 5 (2020): 1137-1139.
  9. Bauman ZM and Evans CH. “Volvulus”. Surgical Clinics of North America 5 (2018): 973-993.
  10. Xiang H., et al. “Horseshoe sign: Sigmoid volvulus”. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 62 (2018): 85-86.
  11. Lubrano J., et al. “The northern exposure sign”. Abdominal Radiology 3 (2017): 971-972.
  12. Yuksel ME., et al. “Whirl sign in sigmoid volvulus”. Journal of Visceral Surgery3 (2019): 277-278.
  13. Najah H., et al. “Sigmoidectomy via an elective approach for sigmoid volvulus (with video)”. Journal of Visceral Surgery1 (2017): 59-60.

Citation

Citation: Leidy Cristina Sánchez Gómez and Nadia Ruth Cruz Cruz. “Sigmoid Volvulus: Case Report and Literature Review”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.7 (2022): 171-174.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Leidy Cristina Sánchez Gómez and Nadia Ruth Cruz Cruz. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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