Risk of Developing CVD in Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes
Farnoosh Asgharvahedi1, Leila Gholizadeh1*, Fiona Orr1 and Marjan Khajehei2
1Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia
2Department of Women’s and Newborn Health, Westmead Hospital, NSW, Australia
*Corresponding Author: Leila Gholizadeh, Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, NSW, Australia.
February 21, 2022; Published: June 10, 2022
Aims: Despite significant improvements in cardiovascular care over the past decades, cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in men and women globally. Apart from traditional CVD risk factors, some gender-specific conditions contribute to the risk of CVD in women. This review investigates the relationship between gestational diabetes mellitus and CVD risk in women.
Methods: The search for the literature was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Cochrane library, and was limited to articles published in English between January 2015 and 2020. Following the application of the study inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight studies were included in the review.
Results: The findings of this review suggest that the risk of future CVD events is higher in women with a history of gestational diabetes. The findings support the need for early cardiovascular assessment and risk factor management after the postpartum period among women with gestational diabetes.
Conclusions: Health care providers should be aware of the association between gestational diabetes and CVD risk and develop health promotion strategies to reduce the risk among this high-risk women group.
Keywords: Cardiovascular Disease; Coronary Artery Disease; Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
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