Peculiarities of Scoliosis of Black Children and Adolescents
Ngo Yamben Marie-Ange1,2*, Nseme Etouckey Eric1, Tsiagadigui Jean Gustave1, Muluem Kennedy1, Batchom Daudet3, Nana Chunteng Theophile4, Bat Rebecca1, Manga Alexandre2 and Handy Eone Daniel1,5
1Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences of the University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon
2National Centre for the Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities in Yaoundé, Cameroon
3Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences of the University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon
4Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Cameroon
5Central Hospital of Yaoundé, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Ngo Yamben Marie-Ange, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences of the University of Yaoundé I, Cameroon.
March 28, 2022; Published: May 23, 2022
Introduction : Scoliosis is a pediatric pathology characterized by a deformation of the spine exerting a twist around its axis. Its expression is variable and multifactorial. When they are severe, they can become disabling and therefore justify appropriate care. However, the African literature is scarce on the subject.
Objective: The objective of our work was to draw up the epidemiological, radio-clinical and evolutionary profile of scoliosis in black children and to highlight their singularities.
Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective descriptive and analytical study over a 10-year period including all patients aged 0 to 17 years with scoliosis at the NCRPD.
Results: We collected 69 cases with a female predominance. The prevalence of scoliosis in children was 0.4% and that of adolescents was 4.2%. The average age was 4.88 years for children and 15.16 years for adolescents. The average time of the 1st consultation was one year for children and 3 years for adolescents. They were severe and very severe (Cobb angle > 35°) in 76.8% of cases and symptomatic in 78.3% of cases with gibbosities of up to 6 cm in children and 11 cm in adolescents. 5 risk factors for severity were identified in the black subject.
Conclusion: Despite much work on the subject, more targeted epidemiological research is needed to improve the prevention and management of this disabling condition.
Keywords: Scoliosis; Black Race; Child; Teenager; Spine
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