Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 6

Allergic Rhinitis and Atopy: The Causative Role of Aeroallergens: A Review

G Shyam, R Chandana, G Anusha Reddy, M Asimuddin and Kaiser Jamil*

Department of Genetics, Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Research Centre, Hyderabad, India

*Corresponding Author: Kaiser Jamil, Department of Genetics, Bhagwan Mahavir Medical Research Centre, Hyderabad, India.

Received: February 04, 2022; Published: May 06, 2022

Abstract

The prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis (AR) has increased globally in recent times from 10 to 20% which can further deteriorate to atopy affecting adults and children equally. The main causative agents include aeroallergens which produce symptoms, not only like sneezing, itching, and nasal congestion, but also affecting the quality of life (QoL) and disturbed sleep. This review evaluates the risk parameters of allergic rhinitis which generally occur due to indoor and environmental aeroallergens, these interact with the host’s immune system to increases the production of specific immunoglobins like IgE. These specific IgE antibodies bind to high-affinity IgE receptors on mast cells and basophils and trigger a sequence of events leading to allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis, and atopy. The propensity to produce IgE to allergens is referred as Atopy. This article examines the mechanism of the causative agents leading to the disease, with regards to the potential differences in health care and allergic rhinitis. The diagnoses, pathophysiology and subsequent treatment of the disease impacts an economic burden on the patients, further, co-morbidities associated with AR impose additional financial burden and can have a negative impact on the QoL of the patients. Hence this article observes the economic burden due to AR which is estimated at 10-40% of the country’s economic burden. This review further highlights on improving the well-being of the patients through better diagnosis and utilizing currently available treatment options for Allergic rhinitis.

Keywords: Allergic Rhinitis; Allergens; Atopy; Treatment Options; Pharmacotherapy; Immunotherapy; Mechanisms; Economic Burden

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Citation

Citation: Kaiser Jamil., et al. “Allergic Rhinitis and Atopy: The Causative Role of Aeroallergens: A Review”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.6 (2022): 55-64.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Kaiser Jamil., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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