Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 5

Prevalence of Compliance on Asthma Action Plan Among Asthmatic Children in PSMMC and Associated Factors with Good and Poor Compliance

Mohammed Saud Alshammari*, Tarek Elsaid, Mashael Albargawi and Mostafa Ahmed Kofi

Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Mohammed Saud Alshammari, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received: February 21, 2022; Published: April 18, 2022

Abstract

Background: Asthma is the most common long-term condition in children, and impact the quality of life of children and their parents. A Written Asthma Action Plan is a set of written instructions kept by patients or their caregivers to help with asthma management. The current study is to assess the prevalence of compliance to asthma action plans among asthmatic children in prince sultan military medical city and the associated factors with good and poor compliance.

Methods: A quantitative observational descriptive cross-sectional study among Saudi parents having asthmatic children aged 6- 12 years and followed up in PSMMC. Data were collected by a questionnaire developed and validated by the study authors to fulfill the study objectives. Parents who accepted to participate were given a written asthma action plan and it was explained to them, and they were informed that their contact number is needed to follow up with them after 6 months to check for compliance. Consent were obtained from all participants in this study, confidentiality is ensured and participants’ information are used for this study and will not be disclosed, IRB approval from research. Ethics committee was obtained and permitted to conduct the study. Data were analyzed by using Statistical Package for Social Studies (SPSS 22; IBM Corp., New York, NY, USA).

Results: A total of 366 parents with asthmatic children participated in the current study, 52.2% of the children were males with a mean age of 8.70(±2.04) years. The compliance to asthma action plan was significantly correlated with gender(males were more compliant to the asthma action plan compared to females at 66.7% vs. 33.3%, respectively), the number of children in the family, and compliance (the number of children in compliance families was significantly lower than non-compliant ones at 4.57(±2.66) vs. 5.69(±1.89). A positive significant (P < 0.001) association between each of fathers' and mothers' educational level, economic status, and having a sibling with asthma, and compliance to the asthma action plan was reported.

Conclusion: The compliance rate to asthma action plan reported in the current study among parents with asthmatic children aged 6-12 years at 13.93% is considered very poor. The compliance rate was positively significantly associated with the educational level and economic status of the participants.

Keywords: Asthma; National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS); Saudi Arabia

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Citation

Citation: Mohammed Saud Alshammari., et al. “Prevalence of Compliance on Asthma Action Plan Among Asthmatic Children in PSMMC and Associated Factors with Good and Poor Compliance". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.5 (2022): 92-97.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Mohammed Saud Alshammari., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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