Availability of Health Services in the Health Facilities of the Congolese National Police in North Kivu Province
Woolf Kapiteni1,2*, Éric Mafuta3, Bienfait Mwarabu1, Philippe Mulenga1, Oscar Luboya1 and Albert Mwembo Tambwe1
1University of Lubumbashi, DR Congo
2Kirotshe Higher Institute of Medical Technique, DR Congo
3University of Kinshasa, DR Congo
*Corresponding Author: Woolf Kapiteni, University of Lubumbashi and Kirotshe Higher Institute of Medical Technique, DR Congo.
February 28, 2022; Published: March 21, 2022
Introduction: The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is facing challenges in implementing Universal Health Coverage due to gaps in its health system, particularly in terms of service delivery. The objective of this study was to identify the services available in the health facilities of the Congolese National Police in North Kivu Province (NKP).
Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in the North Kivu Province of the DRC over a period of 3 months from 01 December 2019 to 29 February 2020. The study involved ten health facilities (HF) of the Congolese National Police (CNP) in North Kivu Province. No sample size was determined a priori in this study. Data on the availability of care services, basic equipment in the general outpatient department, basic infrastructure to meet the needs of patients in health facilities and the availability of tracer drugs were collected by observation and interviews with health facility managers, seizures and analyzed with Microsoft Excel 2016 software. An average availability score of HF with the item was calculated and expressed as a percentage.
Results: All HF of Congolese National Police in NKP organize curative care for children under 5 years of age and pregnant women, STI diagnosis or treatment services, noncommunicable disease diagnosis and management services, and minor surgery. About a third offer caesarean section, organizes the blood group analysis service and major surgery. One tenth organizes preventive care for children under 5 years of age and pregnant women, provides antiretroviral treatment and has communication equipment. No HF of CNP in NKP organizes an emergency and intensive care department, nutritional management, diagnostic confirmation services or the prescription of treatment, nor the provision of services or follow-up of tuberculosis treatment. None has a computer with internet connection, nor an ambulance on duty.
Conclusion: HF of Congolese National Police in North Kivu province have shortcomings in the provision of care, the availability of services, medical equipment and essential medicines. The results of this study suggest that efforts must be made to improve the provision of care for police populations as well as their dependencies in terms of service provision and equipment.
Keywords: Availability; Health Service; Health Facilities; National Police; Province; North Kivu
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