Popovska H1*, Petrov I2, Kiteva-Trencevska G2, Popovski N3 and Filipovic D4
1University Clinic of Neurology, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
2Professor, University Clinic of Neurology, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
3University Clinic of Orthopedic Surgery, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
4University Clinic of Dermatology and Venereology, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
*Corresponding Author: Popovska H, University Clinic of Neurology, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.
Received: May 16, 2021; Published: February 15, 2022
Introduction: Corona virus infectious disease 2019, (Corona virus disease-19, Covid-19), commonly is manifested with severe respiratory syndrome and interstitial pneumonia. Beside these respiratory symptoms, the clinical spectrum of the disease consists of neurological symptoms. A headache is one of them.
Aim: The aim of this study is to determine the cumulative prevalence of a headache in patients with Covid-19, that were hospitalized at the Clinic of neurology in Skopje, from November 2020 to the end of March 2021. This study also aimed to determine the cumulative prevalence of patients with positive outcome and successful rehabilitation and, on the other side, the prevalence of the patients with poor outcome.
Methods and Materials: The data was extracted from HIS system (electronic data base for outpatient clinic and hospitalized patients in our Clinic). In the study were included 437 patients, hospitalized in the Covid –centre. We have calculated the cumulative prevalence of headache in these patients. Additionally, we have determined the prevalence of headache in patients with good and with poor outcome of the disease.
Results: Headache was found in 44 patients out of 437, with confirmed Covid-19 infection. The estimated cumulative prevalence is 10.06%. The patients with headache had more favorable outcome of the COVID-19 infection (37 patients out of 270 with favorable outcome has complained of a headache in the early stage of the disease, and only 4 patients out of 120 with fatal outcome, had a headache (P = .002058, (P < .05)). Three patients, who have complained of a headache, out of 47, were transferred to another medical institution.
Conclusion: Headache is a common symptom among patients with infectious diseases, whether it is a part of the general infectious syndrome or it is a sign of a direct cerebral affection. The headache could be a predictive symptom for more favorable outcome of this infectious disease.
Keywords: Headache; Covid-19; Prevalence
Citation: Popovska H., et al. “Headache and Covid-19: Experience from the Covid-Centre at the University Clinic of Neurology in Skopje”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.3 (2022): 72-75.
Copyright: © 2022 Popovska H., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.