Maxime Dantouma Sovogui1,2*, Mohamed Cherif1,3, Christophe Zoumanigui2 and Fodé Amara Traore1,4
1Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques of the University of Conakry, Republic of Guinea
2Maurice Ophthalmological Clinic, Republic of Guinea
3Neurosurgery Department of the Sino-Guinean Friendship Hospital, Republic of Guinea
4Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases of donka National Hospital, Republic of Guinea
*Corresponding Author: Maxime Dantouma Sovogui, Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques of the University of Conakry, Republic of Guinea.
Received: December 14, 2021; Published: January 20, 2022
Objective : To describe the ophthalmologic manifestations in the setting of a Toxoplasma gondii brain abscess revealed by papillary edema at the Maurice ophthalmologic clinic in Guinea. Because of its gravity
Patient and Observation: We report here the case of a 17-year-old female student diagnosed with Toxoplasma gondii brain abscess revealed by papillary edema. The symptomatology was dominated by: visual blurring, headache, vomiting, lethargy and left hemiparesis. Stage II papillary edema has been found in fundoscopy. The patient was managed in collaboration with the neurosurgery and tropical infectious diseases departments. She benefited from: Acetazolamide 250 mg, Dexamethasone 4 mg, Cotrimoxazole and Paracetamol. A relay was conducted namely: Cortancyl 20 mg, cotrimoxazole 960 mg and Acetazolamide. An optical correction has been introduced. The evolution was marked by an improvement in the clinical condition with decreased abscess on computed tomography. Continued treatment was observed for two (2) months in a row.
Conclusion: When faced with papillary edema associated with headache and projectile vomiting in an infectious context, a Toxoplasma gondii brain abscess should be suspected until proven otherwise. The positive diagnosis is based on the bundles of clinical and imaging arguments for which the ophthalmologist plays an important role. In this patient, papillary edema was suggestive of the underlying pathology and prompted us to do more investigation.
Keywords: Papillary Edema; Brain Abscess; Guinea
Citation: Maxime Dantouma Sovogui1., et al. “A Case of Papillary Edema Revealing a Cerebral Abscess with Toxoplasma gondii, at the Maurice Ophthalmological Clinic”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.2 (2022): 142-146.
Copyright: © 2022 Maxime Dantouma Sovogui1., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.