Landry Kohou-koné*, Servais Saï, Joseph Kouadio Kouamé, Antoine Kouamé, Judith Bouh Sogbéti Diomandé, Sarah N’daw, Stéphane Adingra, Cédric Doh, Lossan Kra and Narcisse Boua
Covid 19 Intensive Care Unit, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Department, Treichville University Hospital, Abidjan (Ivory Coast), Felix Houphouēt Boigny University, Cocody, Abidjan Ivory Coast, West Africa
*Corresponding Author: Landry Kohou-Koné, Anesthesiology, Intensive and Emergency care Department, Felix Houphouēt Boigny University, Cocody, Abidjan Ivory Coast, West Africa.
Received: December 22, 2021; Published: January 20, 2022
Background: To describe the epidemiological profile, risk factors and evolutionary aspects of patients who contracted acute renal dysfunction during their stay in a covid 19 critical care unit in Ivory Coast (West Africa).
Methods: Observational and cross-sectional study of four months (From May 1 to September 1, 2020) carried out in the intensive care unit of the infectious and tropical diseases department of Treichville University Hospital (Abidjan-Ivory Coast). All patients with a positive RT-PCR test were included. They were then categorized into two groups: the "AKI-CoV-2" group for patients who had developed acute renal failure (AKI); the "non-AKI-CoV-2" group concerning patients who didn’t developed acute renal failure during their stay in intensive care. The diagnosis and classification of AKI were based on the 2012 KDIGO recommendations.
Results: The prevalence of AKI was 26.5%. Regarding co-morbidities, there were no significant differences between the two groups apart from the arterial hypertension mainly found in the "AKI-CoV-2" group (p< 0.001). The majority of patients were at KDIGO 1 (58.97%) at the time of diagnosis. The average time to onset of acute renal failure was 3.2 days. There was a statistical difference between the two populations when compared for the need for mechanical ventilation, vasopressor amines and blood trasfusion requirement, with the AKI group requiring all this as opposed to the non-AKI group. Mortality was higher in the "AKI-CoV-2" group (81.6%, p < 0.001).
Conclusion: AKI complicating covid 19 is responsible for excess mortality with mechanical ventilation, the use of vasopressors and arterial hypertension as a risk factor.
Keywords: Covid 19; Acute Kidney Injury; Intensive Care; Ivory Coast
Citation: Landry Kohou-koné., et al. “Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Covid 19 in Ivory Coast (West Africa) Intensive Care Unit”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.2 (2022): 127-131.
Copyright: © 2022 Landry Kohou-koné., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.