Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 2

Prostate Cancer Awareness and Knowledge Among Men Residents in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia: A Surveillance Study

Zakaria Eltahir*, Alahmadi E*, Mushal Alahmadi, Mohammed F Alahmadi and Moneira A Mansour

Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Applied Medical Science, Taibah University, Medinah, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Zakaria Eltahir and Alahmadi E, Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Applied Medical Science, Taibah University, Medinah, Saudi Arabia.

Received: December 09, 2021; Published: January 10, 2022


Background: Prostate cancer is a major health problem that affects a high percentage of populations on the local and global level, ranked globally as the fifth men cause of mortality. In Saudi Arabia prostate cancer incidence is estimated at about 6.6%. Lack of knowledge about the disease and the nature of its routine clinical examination in any community can contribute to patients being arrived late to seek medical care. We have used scientific research engines to explore studies on prostate cancer that discuss and assess knowledge in our local community of Al-Madinah, unfortunately, no studies have been conducted in Al-Madinah region up to the time of conducting this work. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the awareness and knowledge of prostate cancer among the local population of Al-Madinah region.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted and self-designed questionnaire was generated and distributed containing multiple choice questions in order to asses and evaluate the level of awareness and knowledge among the population of Al-Madinah region. The IBM® SPSS® software platform version no. 21.0 was used by applying the Chi-Square test in order to compare the multiple variables in the study.

Results: 502 participants have successfully completed the questionnaire. The results showed that 63% of the participants think that the prostate is a disease, 91% of the participants have never been examined by an urologist in their lifetime and 59% of the participants have obtained their information about the disease via internet.

Conclusion: The population of Al-Madinah region showed a moderate level of awareness on prostate cancer, but this level of knowledge has not been reflected the impact uptake of prostate cancer screening among participants. It is suggested that actions need be taken by the relevant authority to influence the uptake of prostate cancer screening in order to minimize the burden of the disease on the local community and probably within the whole country. Indeed, this will improve the quality of life and it would have a good reflection on the economy.

Keywords: Prostate Cancer; Awareness; Al-Madinah; Screening; Surveillance


  1. Bray F., et al. “Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries”. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians6 (2018): 394-424.
  2. Rawla P. “Epidemiology of Prostate Cancer”. World Journal of Oncology2 (2019): 63-89.
  3. AlFarhan A., et al. “Prostate Cancer Awareness Among Male Population in Eastern Saudi Arabia”. International Journal of Scientific Research3 (2017).
  4. Prostate Cancer-Patient Version (2019).
  5. Ruddon R. “Cancer biology the 4th ed (2007).
  6. Jameson J., et al. “Harrison's principles of internal medicine (2015).
  7. Hsing A and Chokkalingam A. “Prostate cancer epidemiology”. Frontiers in Bioscience1 (2006): 1388.
  8. Steinberg G., et al. “Family history and the risk of prostate cancer”. The Prostate4 (1990): 337-347.
  9. Chemicals in Meat Cooked at High Temperatures and Cancer Risk (2019).
  10. Inherited Risk for Prostate Cancer (2019).
  11. Banerjee S and Kaviani A. “Worldwide Prostate Cancer Epidemiology: Differences Between Regions, Races, and Awareness Programs”. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medical Sciences1 (2016): 1.
  12. Alghamdi I., et al. “The power of the age standardized incidence rate to discover the gene link between cancer diseases: development of a new epidemiological method to save money, time, and effort for genetic scientists”. Oncotargets and Therapy (2015): 677.
  13. International Agency for Research on Cancer. GLOBOCAN 2012: Cancer incidence and mortality worldwide in (2012).
  14. Edge S., et al. “AJCC cancer staging manual (7th ed.). New York: Springer (2009).
  15. Turkan S., et al. “The level of knowledge and awareness about prostate cancer in the Turkish male and the relevant effective factors”. Türk Üroloji Dergisi/Turkish Journal Of Urology3 (2016): 134-139.
  16. Oranusi C., et al. “Prostate cancer awareness and screening among male public servants in Anambra State, Nigeria”. African Journal of Urology2 (2012): 72-74.
  17. Almuhanna A., et al. “Awareness of Prostate Cancer, Screening and Methods of Managements in a Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia”. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine7 (2018): 1090-1092.
  18. Yousef Mohammed Rabaa., et al. “Prostate Cancer and the Therapeutics challenges”. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki 27 (2020): 20.
  19. Alghamidi IG., et al. “The incidence rate of prostate cancer in Saudi Arabia. An observational descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from the Saudi Cancer Registry 2001-2008”. Hematology Oncology and Stem Cel 7 (2014): 18-26.
  20. John E Niederhuber., et al. “Abeloff’s clinical oncology”. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier (2020).
  21. Marco Matejcic., et al. “Germline variation at 8q24 and prostate cancer risk in men of European ancestry”. Nature Communications 1 (2018): 4616.


Citation: Zakaria Eltahir, Alahmadi E., et al. “Prostate Cancer Awareness and Knowledge Among Men Residents in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, Saudi Arabia: A Surveillance Study”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.2 (2022): 35-44.


Copyright: © 2022 Zakaria Eltahir, Alahmadi E., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US