Impact of Flooding on Quality of Life in Shariatpur of Bangladesh: A Cross-Sectional Study
Md Abeed Hasan1, Bikash Chandra Das1, Eshita Farha Tonni1 and Golam Mohammad2*
1Faculty of Public Health, North South University, Bangladesh
1Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Gono Bishwabidyalaya, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: Golam Mohammad, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacy, Gono Bishwabidyalaya, Bangladesh.
September 20, 2021; Published: December 08, 2021
Background: In Bangladesh, water-induced disasters, including floods, account for over 30% of the overall loss of life due to natural disasters. On the one hand, short-range geographical heterogeneity, young and complex geology, and uneven temporal distribution of rainfall contribute significantly to the incidence of such hazards caused by water, vulnerability to such hazards and weaknesses of people primarily due to poverty, and lack of well-preparedness explain the escalating loss of lives and property. It can create significant social and welfare problems that can last for years, not only because of the floods (the primary stressor), but also because of the persistent secondary stressors that individuals face as they try to rebuild their lives, properties, and relationships. Floods are known to have an influence on the quality of life of those impacted, who are mostly from underdeveloped nations with limited ability to cope with the catastrophe.
Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study performed in September 2020, one month after the tragedy in the Shariatpur district. In the months of September to November 2020, 384 persons were polled in those Upazillas following flood disasters. The association between flooding and quality of life is investigated in this study.
Results: The average score for quality of life after being harmed by the flood was 26.26 ± 5.15. Adults in a flooded area of Shariatpur, Bangladesh, participated in this large-scale cross-sectional study to examine Quality of Life (QoL) and its connection with sociodemographic and clinical factors. In comparison to another study, where Quality of Life was assessed as outstanding 110-89, good 88-67, fair 45-66, and poor 45 on the WHOQOL-BREF scale, the mean quality of life score was 26.26 ± 5.15, suggesting a poor quality of life.
Conclusion: Emergency preparedness programs must incorporate the psychological effects of flooding to improve quality of life, especially in poor countries with limited resources and infrastructure, such as Bangladesh. The study's purpose is to assess the situation, assess the quality of life and flood-related effects in Bangladesh's flood-affected region, and examine the key factors of flood-related occurrences. Many people living in flood-affected areas have shown that early action is necessary to improve their quality of life. Flood mitigation should comprise a multi-sartorial approach due to the different underlying causes of people's vulnerability. The outcomes of this study will help policymakers improve early intervention and have major public health implications for health-related quality of life.
Keywords: Quality of Life; WHOQOL-BREF; Flood
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