Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 6 Issue 1

Use of SPICES Model to Improve Family Medicine Residents Engagement in Clinical and Academic Teaching

Ayman Afifi1*, Tarek Elsaid1, Saad AlBattal1, Yaser Ebeid1, Abdel Majeed Elsheikh1, Maha Moharram1, Lamiaa Fiala2 and Mostafa Kofi1

1Ayman Afifi, Tarek Elsaid, Saad AlBattal, Yaser Ebeid, Abdel Majeed Elsheikh and Mostafa Kofi*
2Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author: Ayman Afifi, Family Medicine Department, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Received: October 28, 2021; Published: December 06, 2021


This is an experience of applying certain degrees within the spectrum of the SPICES educational strategies in the advanced family medicine course at (R3) level of the Saudi family Medicine residency Program at Prince sultan Military Medical city (PSMMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We applied multiple interventions to approach elements of the “SPICES Model were used to” increase residents’ engagement, interest and their active participation within a previously perceived very tough course at the 3rd year residency level. We were also very keen to ensure matching of the course objectives and we used triangulation of data collection tools to oversee and attain that. 2 open Focus group discussion were conducted, 5 active relevant field visits were completed, and more than 150 feedback responses were received from 16 residents continuously all through the 8 weeks of the course with an 80% response rate and a satisfaction rate that exceeds 84% plus matching the ILOs that exceeds 80%. The voice of the trainers was not overlooked in our study. These interventions were the nucleus to Spread the culture of active learning between both the trainees and the trainers -in our institution- through many techniques and models like in SPICES strategies and many others.

Keywords: Family Medicine Residents; SPICES Educational Strategies; Residents; Engagement


  1. Harden RM. “Educational strategies in curriculum development: the SPICES model”. Medical Education4 (1984): 284-297.
  2. John A Dent. “Using the SPICES model to develop innovative teaching opportunities in ambulatory care venues”. Korean Journal of Medical Education1 (2004).
  3. Kearsley G Andragogy (M. Knowles). “The theory into practice database” (2010).
  4. RM Harden., et al. “Task-based learning: the answer to integration and problem-based learning in the clinical years”. Medical Education 34 (2000): 391-397.
  5. General Medical Council. “Tomorrow's doctors: Recommendations on undergraduate medical education”. London: General Medical Council (1993).
  6. Walton HJ. “Proceedings of the World Summit on Medical Education”. Medical Education1 (1993): 140-149.
  7. Anderson MB and Swanson AG. “Educating medical students, the ASME-TRI report with supplements”. Academic Medicine 68 (1993): S1-46.
  8. Kar SS., et al. “Student Centered Learning in community Medicine: An experience from Jwaharlal institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research”. The National Medical Journal of India5 (2004): 272-276.
  9. Harden RM., et al. “Educational strategies in curriculum development: the SPICES model. ASME Medical Education Booklet number 18”. Medical Education 18 (1984): 284-297.
  10. Major David Bate. “Utilizing the SPICES model to evaluate the continuous improvement of a clinical development program facilitated by Clinical Squadron, 22 Field Hospital”. Medical Teacher5 (2003): 551.
  11. Saudi Board for Family Medicine Curriculum, SCHS (2016).
  12. Cross K Patricia. “What do we know about students’ learning and how do we know it?” UK Berkeley center for studies in higher education (2005).
  13. Mary Anne Heng., et al. Towards a practice of taking students learning seriously. In book: “Curriculum leadership by middle leaders: Theory, design and practice”. Edition: 1Publisher: Routledge Editors (2018).


Citation: Ayman Afifi., et al. “Use of SPICES Model to Improve Family Medicine Residents Engagement in Clinical and Academic Teaching”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 6.1 (2022): 02-07.


Copyright: © 2022 Ayman Afifi., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.403

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US