Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 11

Palmyraculture: An Insight into the Nano Medicines from Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer L.)

Sherin Monichan1, Christine Thevamirtha2, Rex Jeya Rajkumar Samdavid Thanapaul3 and Paulraj Mosae Selvakumar1,2*

1Panaiyaanmai (Palmyraculture), The Centre for Self-reliance and Sustainable Development, Munnetram Green Industry, Kadayam, Tenkasi, Tamil Nadu, India
2Science and Math Program, Asian University for Women, Chittagong, Bangladesh, India
3Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, Massachusetts, USA

*Corresponding Author: Paulraj Mosae Selvakumar, Science and Math program, Asian University for Women, Chittagong, Bangladesh, India.

Received: August 19, 2021; Published: October 23, 2021

×

Abstract

Asia and Africa have always been grateful for their rich heritage and beautiful nature, which have evolved and been preserved over time. Among these natural beings is the Asian palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer L.), which has been around since the prehistoric era. People in the past used this palm as a writing material. According to Tamil literature, it has 801 different uses. Palmyraculture, or the plantation and use of palmyra for a sustainable and eco-friendly way to satisfy a self-sufficient living, has grown in importance in today's world of technology and research. It has emerged as a potential anti-microbial agent against various bacterial infection, particularly in the field of medicine. However, this perennial gift of nature has entered the world of nanotechnology, where it serves as a sustainable source to the green synthesis of many types of nanomaterials such as gold, silver, zinc-oxide, bimetallic NPs, and also nanocomposites, nanofilms, nano-fibrillated cellulose, and diverse its applications towards a challenging field known as “nanomedicine.” Furthermore, in this review, we have described various types of nanoparticles biogenically synthesized from different parts of Palmyra such as fruit, sap, toddy, leaves, sprout root, and seed, as well as their medical and other applications, their opportunities and challenges.

Keywords: Palmyra; Palmyraculture; Nanotechnology; Green Synthesis; Nanomaterials; Nanomedicines

×

References

  1. Aman A., et al. “Evaluation of the fruit characteristics of some accession of palmyrah palm grown in Bhagalpur district of Bihar”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7 (2018): 459-461.
  2. Davis T., et al. “A Current utilization and further development of the palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer L., Arecaceae) in Tamil Nadu state, India”. Economic Botany 41 (1987): 247-266.
  3. , et al. “A Rapid and Inexpensive Method of DNA Extraction from Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer)”. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology 33.2 (2019): 1-5.
  4. Saidi I., et al. “Uses of palmyra palmplant parts in three regions of East Java, Indonesia”. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 21 (2021): 18055-18065.
  5. GN Murthy., et al. “Effect of different levels of defoliation on inflorescence sap yield and tender fruit endosperm yield in Palmyrah (Borassus flabellifer L.)”. Journal of Research ANGRAU 58 (2016): 62.
  6. P Veilmuthu. “Palmyra - nature’s perennial gift in the face of climate crisis”. Climate South Asia Network (2015-16): 25-27.
  7. TR Sridevi Krishnaveni., et al. “Potential Review on Palmyra (Borassus flabellifer L.)”. Advances in Research (2020): 29-40.
  8. AAP Keerthi., et al. “A new cytotoxic flabellifer from palmyrah (Borassus flabellifer L.) flour”. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka (2009): 269-271.
  9. Kushwaha S., et al. “Physical and chemical modified forms of palm shell: Preparation, characterization and preliminary assessment as adsorbents”. Journal of Porous Materials 20 (2013): 21-36.
  10. Goutam Kumar., et al. “Removal of Fe 3+ Ions from Wastewater by Activated Borassus flabellifer Male Flower Charcoal”. Pollution 3 (2021): 693-707.
  11. Rajkumar R., et al. “Nanotechnology in Wound Healing-A Review”. Global Journal of Nanomedicine 3 (2020).
  12. Mustafa F., et al. “Nanotechnology-based approaches for food sensing and packaging applications”. RSC Advances 10 (2020): 19309-19336.
  13. Bhushan B. “Introduction to nanotechnology”. Springer Handbooks (2017): 1-19.
  14. Ealias AM. “Review on the classification, characterisation, synthesis of nanoparticles and their application”. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 263 (2017).
  15. Aygün A., et al. “Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Rheum ribes and evaluation of their anticarcinogenic and antimicrobial potential: A novel approach in phytonanotechnology”. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 179 (2020) 113012.
  16. Das R K., et al. “Biological synthesis of metallic nanoparticles: plants, animals and microbial aspects”. Nanotechnology for Environmental Engineering 2 (2017).
  17. Chitra Varadaraju., et al. “An insight into Asian Palmyra palm fruit pulp: A fluorescent sensor for Fe2+ and Cd2+ ions”. Materials Today. Proceedings (2020).
  18. Sathya K., et al. “Value Added Product from Palmyra Fruit”. International Journal of Preventive Medicine and Health (IJPMH) (2020): 18-21.
  19. Shehu Z., et al. “Green Synthesis and Nanotoxicity assay if Copper-Cobalt Bimettalic Nanoparticles as aovel Nano larvicide For Mosquito Larvae Management”. International Journal of Biotechnology2 (2020): 99-104.
  20. Chitturi KL., et al. “Single pot green synthesis, characterization, antitumor antibacterial, antioxidant activity of bimetallic silver and copper nanoparticles using fruit pulp of palmyra fruit”. Journal of Bionanoscience 12 (2018): 284-289.
  21. Velauthamurty K., et al. “Enhance the quality of palmyrah (Borrasus flabellifer) jaggery”. The Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources 2 (2015): 37-42.
  22. , et al. “Structural characterization of amorphous carbon films from palmyra sap”. AIP Conference Proceedings 2120 (2019): 1-6.
  23. Lim TK. “Borassus flabellifer”. Edible Med. Non-Medicinal Plants (2012): 293-300.
  24. “Potential use of Palmyra Sap and Oil Palm Sap for lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei TISTR 1500”. Electronic Journal of Biotechnology14.5 (2011): 1-10.
  25. , et al. “Indian Journal of Science and Photocatalytic and antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using palm (Borassus flabellifer L.) water (Pathaneer)”. Indian Journal of Science and Technology 13 (2020): 1856-1866.
  26. Priyanto B., et al. “Hydrogenated amorphous carbon films from palmyra sugar”. Journal of Renewable Materials 9 (2021): 1087-1098.
  27. PC Venkaih., et al. “Value Added Food Products from Palmyrah Palm (Borassus Flabellifer L)”. Journal of Nutrition and Health Sciences (2017): 1-3.
  28. , et al. “Bioprospecting of Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer) Nectar: Unveiling the Probiotic and Therapeutic Potential of the Traditional Rural Drink”. Frontier in Microbiology 12 (2021): 1737.
  29. Sandhya J., et al. “Biogenic synthesis of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles using inedible Borassus flabellifer seed coat: characterization, antimicrobial, antioxidant activity and in vitro cytotoxicity analysis”. Materials Research Express 7 (2020).
  30. , et al. “R Biofabrication of nickel and bismuth bimetallic nanoparticles using aqueous toddy of Borassus flabellifer: Synthesis, characterization and elucidation of biological properties”. Materials Today: Proceedings 44 (2021): 2466-2470.
  31. Rehman S., et al. “Anticandidal and In vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity of Sonochemically synthesized Indium Tin Oxide Nanoparticles”. Science Reports 10 (2020): 1-9.
  32. Merugu R., et al. “Green synthesis and characterisation of Indium Tin oxide nanoparticles using toddy palm from Borassus flabellifer”. Material Today: Proceedings (2021): 2814-2819.
  33. Merugu R., et al. “Synthesis of Ag/Cu and Cu/Zn bimetallic nanoparticles using toddy palm: Investigations of their antitumor, antioxidant and antibacterial activities”. Material Today: Proceedings 44 (2021): 99-105.
  34. Ashwini Deshmukh., et al. “Modern and Ayurvedic aspects of Guda with Special Referance to Jaggery”. International Ayurveda Publications (2017): 275-281.
  35. Dutta D., et al. “Review on Recent Advances in Value Addition of Jaggery based Products”. Journal of Food Processing and Technology 6 (2015).
  36. B Sri Reegan., et al. “Comparative Analytical Study on Various Market Palm Jaggery Samples and their Use in Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles”. International Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 4 (2013).
  37. R Mariselvam., et al. “An insight into leaf secretions of Asian palmyra palm: A wound healing material from nature”. Material Today: Proceedings (2020).
  38. Anuradha Srivastava., et al. “Value addition in palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer L.): A potential strategy for livelihood security and poverty alleviation”. Rashtriyakrishi (2017).
  39. DharmanKalaimurgan., et al. “Biogenic Synthesis of ZnO Nanoparticles Mediated From Borassus Flabellifer ( Linn ): Antioxidant , Antimicrobial Activity Against Clinical Pathogens , And Photocatalytic Degradation Activity With. Sq”. (2021).1-21.
  40. , et al. “Biocompatibility analysis of Borassus flabellifer biomass-derived nanofibrillated cellulose”. Carbohydrate Polymer 235 (2020).
  41. Athinarayanan J., et al. “Synthesis and cytocompatibility analysis of carbon nanodots derived from palmyra palm leaf for multicolor imaging applications”. Sustainable Chemistry and Pharmacy 18 (2020).
  42. Arunachalam K., et al. “Nutritional Analysis and Antioxidant Activity of Palmyrah (Borassus flabellifer L.) Seed Embryo for Potential Use as Food Source”. Food Science and Biotechnology (2011): 143-149.
  43. TR Sridevi Krishnaveni., et al. “View of Potential Review on Palmyra (Borassus flabellifer L.)”. Advances in Research (2020): 29-40.
  44. , et al. “Development and Standardization of Palmyra ( Borassus Flabellifer) Tuber powder incorporated food”. EPRA International Journal of Research and Development (2019): 5-8.
  45. Sathiya A G., et al. “Synthesis of Gold Nano Particles Using Palmyra Sprout Root: An Eco Friendly and Green Approach”. International Journal of Recent Research Aspects (2018): 287-289.
  46. , et al. “Phytochemical Screening and Larvicidal Evaluation of Phyto-synthesized Silver Nanoparticles using Palmyra Palm Sprout Extract”. Biogenesis JurnalIlmiah Biologi8.2 (2020): 126-132.
  47. Negri V., et al. “Carbon Nanotubes in Biomedicine”. Surface-modified Nanobiomaterials for Electrochemical and Biomedicine Applications (2020): 177-217.
  48. Ghalandari M., et al. “Applications of nanofluids containing carbon nanotubes in solar energy systems: A review”. Journal of Molecular Liquids 313 (2020): 1-7.
  49. Rasheed T., et al. “Carbon nanotubes assisted analytical detection - Sensing/delivery cues for environmental and biomedical monitoring”. TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 132 (2020): 1-35.
  50. Basheer B., et al. “Polymer grafted carbon nanotubes—Synthesis, properties, and applications: A review”. Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects 22 (2020).
  51. Sivakumar Natarajan., et al. “Palmyra tuber peel derived activated carbon and anatase TiO2 nanotube based nanocomposites with enhanced photocatalytic performance in rhodamine 6G dye degradation”. Process Safety and Environmental Protection 104 (2016): 346-357.
  52. Jampílek J., et al. “Preparation of nanocomposites from agricultural waste and their versatile applications”. Multifunctional Hybrid Nanomaterials for Sustainable Agri-food and Ecosystems (2020): 51-98.
  53. Sahni ChayanikaJha., et al. “A Screening of Nutritional, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antibacterial activity of the roots of Borassus flabellifer (Asian Palmyra Palm)”. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry (2014): 58-68.
  54. Wilson Lamayi., et al. “Effect of Green Synthesized Ag-Co Bimetallic Nanoparticles on Culex quinquefasciatus Mosquito”. Advances in Biological Chemistry (2020): 16-23.
  55. Wijewardana RMNA., et al. “Retention of physicochemical and antioxidant properties of dehydrated bael (Aegle marmelos) and palmyra (Borassus flabellifer) fruit powders”. Italian Oral Surgery 6 (2016): 170-175.
  56. Rajiv Saini., et al. “Nanotechnology: the future medicine”. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery 1 (2010): 32-33.
  57. Alice Bough. “Applications of nanotechnology against COVID-19: a special focus issue by Nanomedicine”. Future Medicine (2021): 1177-1178.
  58. Ray., et al. "Nanotechnology-enabled biomedical engineering: Current trends, future scopes, and perspectives". Nanotechnology Reviews 10 (2021): 728-743.
  59. Anjum S., et al. “Emerging Applications of nanotechnology in Healthcare Systems: Grand Challenges and Perspectives”. Pharmaceuticals (2021).
  60. Paulraj Mosae., et al. “An insight into the polymeric structures in Asian Palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer Linn)”. Organic Polymer Material Research (2021).
  61. P Mosae Selvakumar., et al. “Chemistry and Covid-19: A review on the Central Role of Chemistry in the understanding, Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Covid-19”. Acta Scientific Nutritional Scientific Nutritional Health 9 (2021): 11-29.
  62. Chayanika Sahni., et al. “Screening of Nutritional, Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antibacterial activity of the roots of Borassus flabellifer (Asian Palmyra Palm)”. Phytojournal (2014): 58-68.
  63. Subramaniam et al. “Phytochemical Screening and evaluation of in vitro Anti-oxidant potential of immature -Palmyra Palm (Borassus Flabellifer Linn.) fruits”. 10.8 (2018): 77-83.
  64. Jerry A. “A Comprehensive Review on the Medicinal Properties of Borassus flabellifer”. Journal of Academia and Industrial Research 7 (2018): 93-97.
  65. Shrey Sindhwani Warren C W Chan. “Nanotechnology for modern medicine: next step towards clinical translation”. Journal of Internal Medicine 290 (2021): 486-498.
×

Citation

Citation: Paulraj Mosae Selvakumar., et al. “Palmyra Culture: An Insight into the Nano Medicines from Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer L.)”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.11 (2021): 143-153.




Metrics

Acceptance rate30%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.111

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is December 15, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US