Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 11

A Descriptive Study on Types of Violence, It’s Effects on Ante Natal Patient’s Health and Pregnancy Outcomes

Naila Nasr Malik1*, Shamim Akhtar1, Humaira Bibi2, Rabia Kareem3, Bushra Khan4 and Farhat R Malik5

1Associate Professor, Ob/gyn unit, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Pakistan
2Assistant Professor, Ob/gyn unit, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Pakistan
3Senior Registrar, Ob/gyn unit, Mercy Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Pakistan
4Specialist A, Omran Hospital, UAE
5Professor Community Health Sciences, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Naila Nasr Malik, Associate Professor, Ob/gyn unit, Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Medical College, Riphah International University, Pakistan.

Received: September 21, 2021; Published: October 21, 2021



Objectives: To determine the common types of violence, their effects on pregnant female’s health and pregnancy outcomes.

Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in six-month duration by selecting 130 antenatal patients of all trimesters coming from OPD, labor room as an emergency as well as elective patients. The patient's clinical record was analyzed for obstetrical complications and through systematic sampling technique, all the patients were scrutinized for types of violence through a validated questionnaire. All the recorded information entered in SPSS Version-21 with descriptive and inferential analysis with the computation of frequencies, percentages, chi-square tests with the cut-off limit for the significance set at 0.05.

Results: One hundred and thirty pregnant women participated in this study with mean average age of 25.12 + 7.89 years. The verbally abused females were (n = 54, 41.5%), followed by physical abused (n = 20, 15.4%) and (n = 44, 33.8%) without disclosing the reason behind violence respectively. Hardly a single female was abused on daily basis (n = 1, 0.8%), whereas majority faced the violence on daily basis (n = 41, 31.5%) followed by monthly frequency (n = 25, 19.2%) respectively. The common problems disclosed were family problems (n = 24, 18.5%) and financial issues (n = 18, 13.8%). Most of the females didn’t disclose the effects of violence (n = 56, 43.1%), with emotional distressed females (n = 39, 30%) and lack of care of pregnancy (n = 14, 10.8%) respectively.

Conclusion: Intimate partner violence is a frequent public health problem indicating immediate measures to curb this situation. The results showed a majority of verbally abused, emotionally disturbed women and family problems as the root cause behind.

Keywords: Pregnancy; Physical Abuse; Domestic Violence; Emotional Abuse; Pregnant Women; Risk Factors; Birth Outcomes; Intimate Partner Violence; Prevalence



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Citation: Naila Nasr Malik., et al. “A Descriptive Study on Types of Violence, It’s Effects on Ante Natal Patient’s Health and Pregnancy Outcomes”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.11 (2021): 111-116.


Acceptance rate30%
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