Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 10

Study on Causes of Wastage of Blood at the Public and Private Hospitals of Pakistan

Rashid Azeem*, Kamran Khan, Fareeha Azeem, Muhammad Idrees, Noor Saba, Saira Nasr Malik

Peshawar Institute of Cardiology, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Rashid Azeem, Assistant Professor Hematology, Peshawar Institute of Cardiology, Pakistan.

Received: August 09, 2021; Published: September 15, 2021

Abstract

Background: Blood transfusion is a significant therapeutic intervention for human life. There is no replacement of human blood till date. Wastage of blood in blood banks is a serious problem which needs to be addressed in order to overcome the shortage of blood and improved utilization can be done of this limited resource.

Objective: To evaluate discard of blood and its components in public and private blood banks of Peshawar.

Materials and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study conducted for the duration of two years i.e. 1st Jan 2012 to 31st Dec 2013. Data about wastage of blood products were obtained from 6 public sector, 1 private and 2 standalone blood banks information system. Analysis of data include frequency and causes of wastage of blood bags. Blood donations in this study had followed the recommended criteria by WHO. All the blood bags collected in the study period were recorded. Screening of blood bags were done for TTIs by recommended methods. Seropositive blood bags for TTIs were discarded along with outdated, low quantity of blood, leakage, damage, turbidity, hemolysis and clotting were also discarded.

Results: A total of 204942 blood bags were collected from blood banks during the study period. About 7.3% of blood bags were discarded of the total donations. Majority of the blood donors were replacement donors 87.6% followed by voluntary donors 12.3%. The main reason for discarding blood in our study was seropositivity for transfusion transmitted infections (53.6%) followed by outdated bags (40.0%) and then low quantity of blood in bags (2.6%) and then leakage (1.9%) and others (damage, hemolysis, turbidity, clot) 0.2%.

Conclusion: The current study identified seropositivity for TTIs, expired date and low quantity of blood as the main reasons for discarding blood bags. This study recommends for the development of strategies in order to reduce wastage as well as optimal use of blood. As blood products are perishable, supervision of blood stock should be done in a way which prevents waste as much as possible.

Keywords: Blood; Transfusion Transmitted Infections

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Citation

Citation: Rashid Azeem., et al. “Study on Causes of Wastage of Blood at the Public and Private Hospitals of Pakistan”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.10 (2021): 43-46.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Rashid Azeem., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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