Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 8

Impact of Breast Cancer on Marital Status. A Case Control Study in Sudan and Greece

Ayda Hussain Omer Mustafa*

University of AL-Neelain, Sudan

*Corresponding Author: Ayda Hussain Omer Mustafa, University of AL-Neelain, Sudan.

Received: January 25, 2021; Published: July 22, 2021


Introduction: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Sudan and Greece. Once diagnosed, the female patient undergoes several medical interventions for diagnosis and treatment such as surgery, chemotherapy, hormonal or radiation therapy and this period is very stressful for the patient, her family, husband or spouse.

Aim of the Study: Our aim was to investigate the impact of breast cancer diagnosis and treatment on the patient’s marital status as well as on patient’s social life and their career. We included patients from Greece and Sudan, taking into consideration the differences in social and educational status; we explored the possibility of different responses between the two countries.

More specifically, we compared the divorce rates between a group of women diagnosed with breast cancer and those of a control group in both countries. Furthermore, we recorded the impact of breast cancer on the patient’s as well as on her husband’s career.

Methods: The is a comparative cross sectional case control study. It was conducted at Bashair Teaching hospital of Alneelain university and Elsharif Hospitals in Sudan and Hippokrateion University General Hospital and Alexandra University General Hospital in Athens, Greece. Inclusion criteria were married female patients diagnosed with breast cancer at any stage and treated. 100 patients from Sudan and 94 patients from Greece were included in the study and were compared to a control group of patients diagnosed with benign lesions, consisting of 100 patients from Sudan and 66 patients from Greece.

Results: The survey of participants showed that, in Greece most of control (53 of 65, 94.6%) and patients (65 of 79, 82.3%), were still married at the time of the study, the same result showed in Sudan, (86 of 90, 95,5%) of the control group, and (87 of 98, 89.7%) of the group of patients were still married at the time of the study, the frequency distribution was significant with p-value of Chi-square test (.047). The difference in frequency distribution of partner's occupation after diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, was not significant among Greeks, where the more affected ones were employees, (29, 58%) for controls, and (32, 53.3%) for patients), and the p-value of Fisher Exact test (.362), also in Sudanese the frequency of employees was (53, 57%) for control and (34, 64.2%), with p-value of Fisher Exact test (.686)). The status of partner's work in Greece resulted significant difference in frequency distribution, where the frequency of the group that their work did not affected was increased from controls (24, 48.1%) to among patients (48, 65.8%), and the frequency of group that changed to the best also increased from controls (0, 0%) among patients (2, 2.7%), while the changing to the worst decreased from controls (27, 51.9%) to (23, 31.5%) in patients, these differences between controls and patients were significant with p-value of Fisher Exact test (.032) . while no significant differences noticed among Sundance respondents where the frequency distribution was (70, 79.5%), and (82, 87.2%) for no changes in control and patients respectively, (2, 2.3%), and (5, 5.3%) for changes to the best in control and patients respectively, (16, 18.2%) and (7, 7.4%) for change to the best in control and patients respectively, with p-value of Fisher Exact test (.058).

Conclusion: Divorce is not common among breast cancer survivors in Greece and Sudan in spite of the different cultural and lifestyle modalities of life. Long term survivors diagnosed with breast cancer may return to their career, some of them may have achievements that are not reached by their healthy mates in Greece and Sudan.

Recommendations: It is urgent to have strategic plans to increase awareness for early detection, accurate diagnosis and comprehensive management as well as follow up programs of breast cancer both in Greece and Sudan. It is very important to have psychiatry groups to support the breast cancer patients and their families especially during the first two years. It is essential to support and rehabilitate the breast cancer survivors and their families to return to their previous activities.

Keywords: Breast Cancer; Sudan; Greece


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Citation: Ayda Hussain Omer Mustafa. “Impact of Breast Cancer on Marital Status. A Case Control Study in Sudan and Greece”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.8 (2021): 93-109.


Copyright: © 2021 Ayda Hussain Omer Mustafa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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