Bambi Ntumba1*, Mulamba Ngalula3, Mbaya Mutombo1, Miandabu Mbiya1, Kalenda Kabambi2, Mbuyi Kanyinda2 and Jean Ciceron Mbunda4
1Mbujimayi Higher Institute of Arts and Crafts (ISAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
2Tshilenge Higher Institute of Medical Techniques in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Faculty of Medicine and Public Health, Official University of Mbujimayi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
4Epidemiological Surveillance Analyst, Provincial Health Division, Eastern Kasai, Democratic Republic of the Congo
*Corresponding Author: Bambi Ntumba, Mbujimayi Higher Institute of Arts and Crafts (ISAM) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Received: June 07, 2021; Published: July 08, 2021
Introduction: Diabetes is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. It is therefore a costly disease for the patient, families and society. The goal is to study the epidemiological and clinical aspects, to report the factors causing decompensation and the evolutionary modalities with a view to improving care in Mbujimayi (DRC).
Materials and Methods : This study was prospective in nature, lasting from January 01, 2020 to December 31, 2020. It was carried out at the Dipumba General Referral Hospital. Covering 310 diabetic patients, 79 of whom had developed ketoacidosis either a frequency of 25.5% in whom the basic sociodemographic and epidemiological variables were studied. The data collected was encoded on an Excel software table (Microsoft 2007) then imported for processing on Epi Info software version 6.O and the test processing was done on professional Word XP software, the test used is Kh2 with P < 0.05.
Results: The frequency of diabetic ketoacidosis was 25.5% of cases in the Internal Medicine department. For all of our patients, ketoacidosis is predominant in people under 40 years of age. Ketoacidosis occurs in any diabetic patient, the average age of our patients was 42.3 Plus or minus 3.6 years with the target age range between 56-70 years, the male sex was more concerned with 54, 4℅ against 45, 6℅ for the female sex, the clinic of which can be superimposed on that described by the literature. Infections ranked first as a trigger in our study with 64.6℅ and followed by discontinuation of treatment 13.9℅. The course is marked by a mortality of 25 cases or 31.64℅.
Conclusion: Ketoacidosis remains a therapeutic emergency that requires careful management, especially in the acute phase. The infections revealed ketoacidosis in the majority of our patients.
Keywords: Ketoacidosis; Diabetes ; Mortality
Citation: Bambi Ntumba., et al. “Diabetic Acidoketosis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Clinical Epidemic Approach (79 Colliged Cases)”.Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 5.8 (2021): 03-09.
Copyright: © 2021 Bambi Ntumba., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.