Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ASMS)(ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

Amputation Treatment with Least Number of Postoperative Complications based on the Atherosclerotic and Diabetic Changes of Blood Vessels of Lower Extremities

Demil Omerović1, Adnan Papović1, Adnana Talić-Tanović1, Edina Tanović2*, Amila Jaganjac3, Hadžan Konjo3, Emina Rovčanin4 and Hana Omerović5

1Ortopedics and Traumatology Clinic, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina
2Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina
3Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina
4JZU Pharmacies of Sarajevo; Bosnia and Herzegovina
5PZU Verdant Pharmacies; Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

*Corresponding Author: Edina Tanović, Professor, Clinic for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Hercegovina.

Received: October 03, 2020; Published: October 22, 2020

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Abstract

  Atherosclerosis is the most common arterial damage characterized by blood clotting due to the local thickening of the intima that is called atheroma or plaque. It is usually not diagnosed until critical stenosis, thrombosis, aneurysm or emboli occur. If severe artery clogging occurs, there is high risk for lower extremities, where gangrene appears to be the major consequence that has to be surgically treated by an amputation treatment. This study is a retrospective comparative study that includes 124 patients, both genders, of different age groups. The aim of the study is to show the effects of amputation procedures with the lowest complication rate due to lower extremity vascularization.

  This study has shown that atherosclerotic and diabetic changes of the blood vessels of the lower extremities are more common in male gender, in the third age range where clogging is most often verified on the pedal arteries causing the gangrene of the toes. The most common surgical procedures are amputation of the toes with the most common complication defined as edge inflammation, while the lowest number of local complications was observed in the lower and upper leg amputations.

  Since it has been proven that advanced atherosclerosis cannot fully regenerate, the goal of the treatment is to reduce the effect of the disease through prevention. Special attention should be made to male gender in third age range with comorbidities, and if the need for surgical treatment becomes necessary, it is to be realized in accordance with the findings of the blood flow rate at the lower extremities without delay.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Diabetes; Blood Flow Rate; Prevention; Amputation

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References

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Citation

Citation: Edina Tanović., et al. “Amputation Treatment with Least Number of Postoperative Complications based on the Atherosclerotic and Diabetic Changes of Blood Vessels of Lower Extremities". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.11 (2020): 66-69.




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