Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Health Care Challenges Faced by HIV Positive Undocumented Zimbabwean Foreign Nationals in Johannesburg, South Africa

Thuledi Makua*

University of South Africa, South Africa

*Corresponding Author: Thuledi Makua, University of South Africa, South Africa.

Received: January 22, 2020; Published: February 24, 2020

×

Abstract

  The South African constitution outlines that migrants have a constitutional right of access to basic services including health care. However, the same constitution has not been very clear on what happens to migrants with false documentation or those who have entered the country illegally and resides in the slums of cities. The purpose of this research was to explore health care challenges faced by HIV positive undocumented Zimbabwean foreign nationals in South Africa. A descriptive and interpretive phenomenological research methodology was used to gather data from the HIV positive undocumented Zimbabwean foreign nationals in Johannesburg, South Africa. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to select the HIV positive undocumented Zimbabwean foreign nationals. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted to elicit the challenges that these foreign nationals experience in Johannesburg. Some participants were identified as they came for consultation at the clinics while others, through snowball, were tracked in their residential flats. This led to an understanding of the phenomena within the naturalistic context of occurrence. Content analysis was used to analyse data gathered from the 20 participants. The results reported that due to lack of proper documentation of the participants to reside in South Africa and fear that they would be caught in health care facilities this had led to poor access. This led to participants being non-compliance, irregular check-ups, falsification of documents and use of gazetted alternative therapies. It is within this premise that this research strongly recommends for a more embracive policy that will consider the undocumented migrants.

Keywords: Alternative Therapies; Antiretroviral Drugs; Falsification Of Documents; Gazetted Alternative Therapies; HIV; Researcher Flexibility

×

References

  1. Marshall KJ., et al. “Health Status and Access to Health Care of Documented and Undocumented Immigrant Latino Women”. Health Care for Women International. 26.10 (2006): 916-936.
  2. Oss VM., et al. “Disclosure of HIV positive status to sexual partners”. Curationis (2015): 20-29.
  3. Thupayagale-Tshweneagae G and Mokomane Z. “Discrimination against South African adolescents orphaned by AIDS”. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services 50.1 (2012): 26-31.
  4. Abel E and Painter L. “Factors that influence adherence to HIV medications: Perceptions of women and health care providers”. Journal of Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 14.4 (2003): 61-69.
  5. Ammassari A., et al. “Correlates and predictors of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy: Overview of published literature”. Jaids-Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 31 (2002): S123-S127.
  6. World Health Organisation. “WHO Traditional Medicine Strategy 2002–2005”. Geneva: World Health Organization (2002).
  7. Cohen GM. “Access to diagnostics in support of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis treatment in developing countries”. AIDS 21.4 (2007): S81-S87.
  8. Giorgi A. “The Descriptive Phenomenological Method in Psychology: A Modified Huessrlian Approach”. Pittsburgh, PA: Duquesne University Press (2009).
  9. Groenewald T. “A phenomenological research design illustrated”. International Journal of Qualitative Research 3.1 (2004): 42-55.
  10. Denzin NK and Lincoln YS. “Handbook of Qualitative Research (2nd ed.)”. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications (2000). 
  11. Willig C. “Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology (2nd ed.)”. New York: McGraw Hill. Open University Press (2008).
  12. Flick U. “An Introduction to Qualitative Research (4th ed.)”. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications 9(2009).
  13. Streubert HJ and Capenter DR. “Qualitative Research in Nursing: Advancing the Humanistic Imperative (5th ed.). New York: Lippincott (2011).
  14. Liamputtong P. “Qualitative Research Methods (3rd ed.)”. South Melbourne: Oxford University Press (2011).
  15. Creswell JW. “Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, And Mixed Method Approaches (3rd ed.)”. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications (2009).
  16. Creswell JW. “Qualitative research: Choosing Among Five Approaches (2nd ed.)”. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications (2007).
  17. Colaizzi PF. “Psychological research as a phenomenologist views it”. In Valle R S, King M, (Eds.), Existential-phenomenological alternatives for psychology (1978): 48-71. 
  18. Marcellin F., et al. “Determinants of unplanned antiretroviral treatment interruptions among people living with HIV in Yaoundé, Cameroon”. Journal of Tropical Medicine and International Health 13.12 (2008): 1470-1478. 
  19. Amberbir A., et al. “HIV-infected persons: a prospective study in Southwest Ethiopia”. Bio Medical Central Journal of Public Health 8 (2008): 265. 
  20. Makua T. “Reduced adherence to antiretroviral therapy”. African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance 1 (2015): 107-114.
  21. Dewing S., et al. “An Evaluation of Counselling by Lay Counsellors for ARV Adherence Support in the Western Cape, South Africa”. AIDS Behaviour 17 (2013): 203. 
  22. Bajunirwe F., et al. “Quality of life and social support among patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Western Uganda”. AIDS Care 21.3 (2009): 271-279.
  23. Zeleke AB and Thupayagale-Tshweneagae BG. “Adherence to antiretroviral therapy: A cross-sectional study of adults in Ethiopia”. Journal of African Nursing and Midwifery 15.2 (2013): 101.
  24. Jacques P. The Origins of AIDS. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press (2011).
  25. World Health Organisation. “World HIV/AIDS Statistics”. Geneva: World Health Organization (2012).
×

Citation

Citation: Thuledi Makua. “Health Care Challenges Faced by HIV Positive Undocumented Zimbabwean Foreign Nationals in Johannesburg, South Africa". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.3 (2020): 01-07.



Member In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 15, 2020.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US