Acta Scientific Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2582-0931)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infection in Three Rural Communities in Mexico

Crisóstomo-Vázquez María del Pilar, Eligio-García Leticia, Caballero-García María de Lourdes, Maravelez-Acosta Víctor Alberto, Soria-Guerrero Mariana and Jiménez-Cardoso Enedina*

Laboratory of Parasitology Research, Hospital Infantil De México Federico Gómez, México City, Mexico

*Corresponding Author: Jiménez-Cardoso Enedina, Laboratory of Parasitology Research, Hospital Infantil De México Federico Gómez, México City, Mexico.

Received: December 05, 2019; Published: February 10, 2020

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Abstract

Introduction: In Mexico there are communities with significant lags compared to the rest of the country because they have a high level of marginalization and low human development and of which it is not known if the frequency and type of parasites that prevail in these areas. The purpose of this work was to know the prevalence of intestinal parasites and the risk factors in Bahuinocachi (Bocoyna, Chihuahua), Llano de la Parota and Agua Tordillo (Acatepec, Guerrero).

Methodology: The study was cross- sectional of 205 participants. Blood and feces samples were collected. Data on demographics and predisposing factors of intestinal parasitic infection were collected using a questionnaire. The feces were analyzed microscopically after a concentration procedure and the sera were used to search for antibodies against A. lumbricoides, T. canis and E. histolytica by ELISA. 

Results: The overall prevalence of parasitosis was 70.1%. Agua Tordillo presented the highest prevalence of antibodies against A. lumbricoides. 

Conclusions: The three communities studied presented intestinal parasite infection. In Bahuinocachi, protozoas predominate and in Llano la Parota and Agua Tordillo there was co-infection of helminths and protozoa. The study has highlighted the importance of the intestinal parasitic in the communities studied. It is necessary to get better the basic sanitary and environmental conditions as well as the need implement for programs in health education, because it was found that Ascariasis is a health problem and also there is coinfection with protozoa.

Keywords: Intestinal Parasitic; Rural Communities; Prevalence

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Citation

Citation: Jiménez-Cardoso Enedina., et al. “Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infection in Three Rural Communities in Mexico". Acta Scientific Medical Sciences 4.3 (2020): 01-04.



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