Acta Scientific Microbiology (ASMI)(ISSN: 2581-3226)

Short Communication Volume 5 Issue 6

Enterococcus faecalis and Biofilm Formation

Mazin S Salman*

PhD in Medical Microbiology, Ministry of Education, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Mazin S Salman, PhD in Medical Microbiology, Ministry of Education, Iraq.

Received: April 05, 2021; Published: May 29, 2021

Enterococcus faecalis are present as a normal flora in the intestines of humans and animals, respiratory tract, also found in soil and water [1]. The clinical importance of this type of bacteria increased during the 1990s due to its diversity Infections that cause, as it was found to be responsible for about (90%) of the injuries caused by human enterococci, and their pathogenicity is related to their ability to produce many Virulence factors, which include Cytolysin, hemolytic enzymes, sex pheromone, and adhesion factors Lipase, protease, bacteriocin and others [2]. Enterococcus faecalis in addition is high and multiple antibiotic resistance and disinfectants, which made it one of the main pathogens causing nosocomial infections. E. faecalis are opportunistic pathogens known for their ability to form biofilms. A biofilm is a collection of bacteria of one or several species.


  1. Asfaw T. “Biofilm Formation by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium: Biofilm Formation by Enterococcus faecalis and Enterococcus faecium: Review”. International Journal of Research Studies in Biosciences 7 (2019).
  2. Toledo-Arana A., et al. “The enterococcal surface protein, Esp, is involved in Enterococcus faecalis biofilm formation”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67 (2001): 4538-4545.
  3. Soraya C., et al. “The growth and biofilm formation of Enterococcus faecalis in ethanol extract of Citrus aurantiifolia Indonesian species”. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacognosy Research 8 (2020): 558-568.
  4. Zheng Jin-Xin., et al. “Characterization of biofilm formation by Enterococcus faecalis isolates derived from urinary tract infections in China”. Journal of Medical Microbiology 67 (2018): 60-67.
  5. Paganelli FL., et al. “Optimizing future treatment of enterococcal infections: attacking the biofilm?” Trends in Microbiology 20 (2012): 40-49.


Citation: Mazin S Salman. “Enterococcus faecalis and Biofilm Formation”.Acta Scientific Microbiology 4.6 (2021): 109-110.


Copyright: © 2021 Mazin S Salman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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