00 Acta Scientific | International Open Library | Open Access Journals Publishing Group

Acta Scientific Computer Sciences

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 11

Influence of Direction of Application of Oil on Concrete-Steel Bond

Boateng E, Danso AK* and Ayarkwa J

Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

*Corresponding Author: Danso AK, Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Received: September 14, 2020; Published: October 30, 2020



  The interaction of steel reinforcement bar with concrete is a complex phenomenon that has significant effects on the performance of reinforced concrete (R C) elements. The presence of oil at the interface of the steel and concrete affect the bond between the two materials. In this paper, the influence of the direction of application of the oil at the steel-concrete interface on bond was investigated. Twenty-five (25) standard 150mm concrete cubes embedded with deformed mild steel rebars were used. Ten sets of the cubes had 50% of the embedded surface area of the rebars coated with oil in the transverse direction while another ten set had the oil applied in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of the bar. The remaining cubes were used as control specimen. Tension pull out test technique was used to measure the bond strength of the specimen. Two sample T-test was carried out to find out if significant difference exist in the two results. At 95% confidence level, the findings revealed that there is no significant difference in the bond strength for the two patterns of oil pollution.

Keywords: Bond Strength; Used Engine Oil; Pull Out Test; Reinforced Concrete



  1. Darwin D. “Evaluation of Bond Strength of ZBAR Multiple Coated Steel Reinforcing Bars”. University of Kansas Center for Research, Inc., Lawrence, KS (2005).
  2. ACI Committee 408 Bond and Development of Straight Reinforcing Bars in Tension, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Mich (2003).
  3. Musa IHA and Haido JH. “Bond Strength of Concrete with the reinforcement bars polluted with Oil”. European Scientific Journal 9 (2013): 6.
  4. Adukpo Oteng SE and Manu P. “Effect of oil coating on steel bar on the strength of reinforced concrete”. Paper presented at the West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) conference (2011).
  5. Faiyadh FI. “Bond characteristics of oil saturated concrete”. International Journal of Cement Composites and Lightweight Concrete 2 (1985): 115-131.
  6. Bilal SH., et al. “Effect of used engine oil on structural behavior of reinforced concrete elements”. Construction and Building Materials3 (2003a): 203-211.
  7. Bilal SH., et al. “Effect of used engine oil on the properties of fresh and hardened concrete”. Construction and Building Materials5 (2003b): 311-318.
  8. ASTM C900-15 Standard Test Method for Pullout Strength of Hardened Concrete, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA (2015).
  9. Creswell JW. “Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches, 3rd Edition”. California: Sage Publications (2009).
  10. Fellow and Lui. “Research methods for construction”. 3rd Wiley-Blackwell Publishing limited (2008).
  11. British Standards Institute BS 882. Specification for aggregates from natural sources for concrete (1992).


Citation: Danso AK., et al. “Influence of Direction of Application of Oil on Concrete-Steel Bond". Acta Scientific Computer Sciences 2.11 (2020): 51-55.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US