Acta Scientific Applied Physics (ASAP)

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 3

Equations and Equivalences in Physics

Gudrun Kalmbach HE*

MINT, PF 1533, D-86818 Bad Woerishofen, Germany

*Corresponding Author: Gudrun Kalmbach HE, MINT, PF 1533, D-86818 Bad Woerishofen, Germany.

Received: January 17, 2022; Published: February 24, 2022


Physics use equations without mentioning the equivalence relations on sets which produce them. For different purposes [1] they belong to factor algebras, projective scalings, topological equivalences. Examples: λp = λmv = h, λ wave length, p momentum, m ma ss, v speed, h Planck constant. Using Pauli spin matrices, σ1 can stand for wave length, multiplication with the h scaled identity id matrix gives the scalar h. The (scaled) unit eigenvectors of the two span a rectangle of this area. Similarly for the angle - angular momentum Heisenberg uncertainty [17] φJ = h and E =hf for energy with matrix α and f-1 (inverse frequency) with α2 space the area h. The matrix σ1 is in the first cases substituted by scalar values. The formulas generate through noncommutativity inequalities with lower h-bounds where one member (either a coordinate or an energy) is measured unsharp in case the other is measured more precise.

Keywords: Equivalence; Equation; Color Charge; Measuring GF Triples; Unit Spheres


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Citation: Gudrun Kalmbach HE.“Equations and Equivalences in Physics". Acta Scientific Applied Physics 2.3 (2022): 07-11.


Copyright: © 2022 Gudrun Kalmbach HE. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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