Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 6

Performance of Cropping System Modules for Productivity, Profitability and Land Use Efficiency in Varanasi Region

Ram Asheswor SAH* and UP Singh

Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

*Corresponding Author: Ram Asheswor SAH, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Received: April 24, 2024; Published: May 14, 2024


A field experiment was conducted at Agricultural Research Farm, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi during 2022-23. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with 3 replications. The treatments comprised 10 cropping system modules (CSM), viz. rice – wheat - fallow (CSM1), rice –mustard - fallow (CSM2), sesbania (G.M.) *rice – lentil - black gram (CSM3), sesbania (G.M.) *rice - vegetable pea - black gram (CSM4), sesbania (G.M.) * rice – mustard - black gram (CSM5), sesbania (G.M.) * rice – mustard - green gram (CSM6), sudan fodder – berseem - cowpea fodder (CSM7), cowpea fodder – berseem - maize fodder (CSM8), high value rice – potato - lady's finger (CSM9), high value rice – capsicum - cowpea (green pods) (CSM10). The system productivity reached higher in the high value rice-potato-lady's finger cropping system module (CSM9) followed by high value rice-capsicum-vegetable cowpea (CSM10), significantly surpassing all other cropping system modules. Moreover, it was evident that cropping system modules with a 300% cropping intensity outperformed CSM1 and CSM2 with a 200% cropping intensity. High value rice-capsicum-vegetable cowpea cropping system module (CSM10) emerged as the most profitable crop cropping system module among all, although it was comparable to CSM9. Sesbania*rice-mustard-green gram cropping system module registered the maximum Benefit-Cost (B:C) ratio of 2.27, followed by CSM10 with a B:C ratio of 2.25.

Keywords: Cropping System Modules; Treatment; Sesbania; Outperformed; Benefit-Cost Ratio; Profitable


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Citation: Ram Asheswor SAH and UP Singh. “Performance of Cropping System Modules for Productivity, Profitability and Land Use Efficiency in Varanasi Region". Acta Scientific Agriculture 8.6 (2024): 06-10.


Copyright: © 2024 Ram Asheswor SAH and UP Singh. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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