Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 2

Research of Modern Structural-Functıonal Characterıstıcs and Dıfferentıatıon Regulatıons of Anthropogenıc Landscapes

Sadullayev Rashad Rahib*, Mammadova Shakar I, Humbatova Shafiqa Y and Ahlimanov Ramiz M

Baku State University, Department of Geography, Baku, Azerbaijan

*Corresponding Author: Sadullayev Rashad Rahib, Baku State University, Department of Geography, Baku, Azerbaijan.

Received: December 26, 2023; Published: January 21, 2024

Abstract

Research of anthropogenic complexes is considered one of the fundamental problems of contemporary landscape science. It is no coincidence that the dynamics and forecasting of anthropogenic landscapes have become one of the paramount issues in the protection of the natural environment, the efficient placement, development and proper management of regional economic areas.
Within the Republic of Azerbaijan, the anthropogenic complexes of the northeastern slope of the Great Caucasus were formed under the influence of complex geographical-historical-economic factors. In comparison to other regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the modern anthropogenic landscapes of this region have specific structural-functional characteristics and patterns of differentiation. Research of these features based on Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and satellite images (CNES/Airbus, Landsat 7 ETM+, Landsat 8, etc.) bears both scientific and practical importance.
The natural landscapes of the northeastern slope of the Greater Caucasus have undergone fundamental changes and have been replaced by various anthropogenic complexes throughout historical periods. The following anthropogenic landscape complexes alternate from the Caspian coastal plains-lowlands of the region to the Main Caucasus Range: agroirrigated landscapes of the lowlands, winter pastures and mowing fields, not-irrigated and episodic irrigated agrolandscapes of sloping plains, summer pastures and meadows of subalpine-alpine meadows used episodically in the highlands, experimentally unaltered subnival-nival complexes of the highlands. The modern structural and functional characteristics of the anthropogenic landscapes of the northeastern slope of the Great Caucasus have been performed by us in recent years with the use of GIS and satellite images. Satellite images of the northeastern slope of the Greater Caucasus were investigated using the NDVI analysis method (unsupervised classification Consequently, various geometrical landscape contours were obtained, indicating numerous characteristics of anthropogenic influences , such as intensity, distribution, etc.
The conducted analyzes reveal that the modern anthropogenic landscapes of the region are distributed according to the law of vertical belt: 1. fundamentally changed natural complexes of lowlands and foothills 2. altered natural complexes of the middle highlands and 3. natural complexes of highlands that maintain their original state (experimentally unchanged). Our analyzes based on GIS and satellite images show that 98% of perennial plantings (40,000 ha) are located at an altitude of -28 m -1000 m , 93% of mowed areas (41 351 ha), and 95.4% (107900 ha) of cultivated areas are concentrated. 62% (272,740 ha) of the hypsometric step of the northeastern slope of the Greater Caucasus up to 1000 m has been assimilated through agro-landscapes, up to 10% (43416 ha) consists of seliteb complexes.

Keywords: Northeast Slope of the Greater Caucasus; Anthropogenic Landscapes; Satellite İmages; Landscape Differentiation; Geographical Information Systems (GIS)

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Citation

Citation: Sadullayev Rashad Rahib. “Research of Modern Structural-Functıonal Characterıstıcs and Dıfferentıatıon Regulatıons of Anthropogenıc Landscapes". Acta Scientific Agriculture 8.2 (2024): 60-65.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2024 Sadullayev Rashad Rahib. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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