Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 8 Issue 1

An Analysis of Crop Diversification in India

Prashant1*, Chaithra NR2, Neelakantappa P1Om Prakash N3, Trilok Belli M1 and Veershetty4 and

1Research Scholar, Department of Agricultural Economics, ICAR- IARI, New Delhi, India
2Research Scholar, Department of Agricultural Extension, UAS Bengaluru, India
3Scientist ICAR IARI Assam
4Research Scholar Department of agricultural statistics IASRI New Delhi

*Corresponding Author: Prashant, Research Scholar, Department of Agricultural Extension, ICAR- IARI, New Delhi, India.

Received: November 21, 2023; Published: December 04, 2023


Crop diversification refers to a shift from the regional dominance of one crop to the regional production of several crops. In India, the degree of diversification exhibits large disparities among different regions. In this context, this study is aimed at computing the growth rate in area, production, and productivity of selected crop groups in India and analyzing crop diversification at the national level by computing the crop diversification index (SID) for all the states. The data used for the estimation of the state-wise food crop diversification index were collected from the land-use statistics, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, Government of India. We estimated the crop diversification index using the triennium average of food crops area ending for the year 2018-19, The Simpson index of diversity (SID) values as well as growth rate indicated that there is high crop diversification in the southern and western regions of India whereas, Northern and eastern regions showed low diversification due to the system of monocropping and crop specialization prevailing in the same region.

Keywords: Crop Diversification; Simpson Index of Diversity (SID); Growth Rate


  1. Ahmad N., et al. “Comparative production performance of vegetable crops in the country vis-à-vis Eastern India”. Vegetable Science2 (2018): 238-243.
  2. Anuja AR., et al. “Crop Diversification: Pattern, Determinants and its Impact on Nutritional Security in India” (2021).
  3. Barghouti S., et al. “Agricultural diversification for the poor guidelines for practitioners” (2004).
  4. Berry P., et al. “Regional impacts of climate change on agriculture and the role of adaptation”. In Plant genetic resources and climate change. Wallingford UK: CABI (2014).
  5. Birthal PS., et al. “Diversification in Indian agriculture towards high value crops: Multilevel determinants and policy implications”. Land Use Policy 91 (2020): 104427.
  6. Birthal PS., et al. “Diversification in Indian agriculture toward high‐value crops: The role of small farmers”. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie1 (2013): 61-91.
  7. Birthal PS., et al. “Trade-off between risk and returns in farmers’ choice of crops? Evidence from India”. Agricultural Economics Research Review347-2019-3211 (2019): 11-23.
  8. Bobojonov I., et al. “Crop diversification in support of sustainable agriculture in Khorezm”. Cotton, water, salts and Soums: Economic and Ecological Restructuring in Khorezm, Uzbekistan (2012): 219-233.
  9. Chand R. “Presidential Address: Doubling Farmers’ Income: Strategy and Prospects”. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics1 (2017): 1-23.
  10. Djurfeldt G and Sircar S. “Structural transformation and agrarian change in India”. Taylor and Francis (2016).
  11. Evenson RE., et al. “Agricultural research and productivity growth in India”. International Food Policy Research Institute 109 (1998).
  12. Ghuman RS and Sharma R. “Green revolution, cropping pattern and water scarcity in India: evidence from Punjab”. Man Dev (2016): 1-20.
  13. Gill SS. “Peasant Movement and Rejuvenation of Punjab’s Economy”. Economic Transformation of a Developing Economy: The Experience of Punjab, India (2016): 437-450.
  14. Gulati A and Juneja “Transforming Indian Agriculture”. In Indian Agriculture Towards 2030: Pathways for Enhancing Farmers’ Income, Nutritional Security and Sustainable Food and Farm Systems. Singapore: Springer Nature Singapore (2022): 9-37.
  15. Gupta R., et al. “Economic, Social, and Market Feasibility of Nutri-Cereals”. In Nutri-Cereals. CRC Press (2023): 345-360.
  16. Gupta S and Sharma R. "Climate Change and Vulnerability of Nutri-Cereal Crops: An Empirical Analysis”. Environmental Science and Policy 2 (2021): 45-62.
  17. Hemathilake DMKS and Gunathilake DMCC. “Agricultural productivity and food supply to meet increased demands”. In Future Foods. Academic Press (2022): 539-553.
  18. Joshi PK., et al. “Diversification and its impact on smallholders: Evidence from a study on vegetable production”. Agricultural Economics Research Review347-2016-16776 (2006): 219-236.
  19. Kumar S and Gupta S. “Crop diversification towards high-value crops in India: A state level empirical analysis”. Agricultural Economics Research Review2 (2015): 339-350.
  20. Lobell DB., et al. “Climate trends and global crop production since 1980”. Science6042 (2011): 616-620.
  21. Manjunatha AV. “Impact Evaluation of National Horticulture Mission (NHM) and Horticulture Mission for Northeast and Himalayan States (HMNEH)-Role of National Level Agencies (NLAs) (2017).
  22. Mittal “Structural Shift in Demand for Food: India’s prospects in 2020”. Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), Working Paper 184 (2006): 1-35.
  23. Nagarajan S. “Can India produce enough wheat even by 2020?” Current Science9 (2020): 1467-1471.
  24. Nasim Ahmad DK., et al. “Comparative production performance of vegetable crops in the country” (2018).
  25. Nath R., et al. “Changes in arable land demand for food in India and China: A potential threat to food security”. Sustainability5 (2015): 5371-5397.
  26. “Situation Assessment of Agricultural Households and Land and Livestock Holdings of Households in Rural India, 2019”. 77th Round,” National Sample Survey Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, New Delhi, Government of India (2021).
  27. Parthiban SR., et al. “A study of factors influencing the growth of vegetable seed industries in India”. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development 52 (2019): 237-244.
  28. Pingali PL and Rosegrant MW. “Agricultural commercialization and diversification: processes and policies”. Food Policy3 (1995): 171-185.
  29. Praduman Kumar PK and Joshi PK. “Food demand and supply projections to 2030: India”. In International Trade and Food Security: The Future of Indian Agriculture. Wallingford UK: CABI (2016): 29-63.
  30. Ravindran C., et al. “Fruit production in India”. Chronica Horticuturae47 (2007): 21-26.
  31. Rosa L. “Adapting agriculture to climate change via sustainable irrigation: Biophysical potentials and feedbacks”. Environmental Research Letters6 (2022): 063008.
  32. SINGH AK., et al. “Influence of climate change on agricultural sustainability in India: A state-wise panel data analysis”. Asian (2022).
  33. Tripathi AK. “Feeling the Pulse: Towards Production Expansion of Pulses in India”. Journal of Asian and African Studies6 (2019): 894-912.


Citation: Prashant., et al. “An Analysis of Crop Diversification in India". Acta Scientific Agriculture 8.1 (2024): 03-08.


Copyright: © 2024 Prashant., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

Contact US