Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 12

Effect of Rice Precedent on Cassava Production in the Rice/Cassava Rotation on Ferralsol in Western Côte D'ivoire

Konan Kouassi Urbain1*, Sehi Zokagon Sylvain2, Ouattara Amidou1, Brahima Koné3, Keli Zagbahi Jules4 and Yao-Kouamé Albert3

1San Pedro University, Agriculture Fishery Resources and Agro-Industry, Côte d’Ivoire
2Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Earth Sciences Unit, Soil Science Department, Côte d’Ivoire
3Felix Houphouet Boigny University, Earth Sciences Unit, Soil Science Department, Côte d’Ivoire
4National Center for Agronomic Research (CNRA), Côte d’Ivoire

*Corresponding Author: Konan Kouassi Urbain, San Pedro University, Agriculture Fishery Resources and Agro-Industry, Côte d’Ivoire.

Received: August 24, 2023; Published: November 27, 2023

Abstract

The rice/cassava rotation is one of the dominant rice-based cropping systems in western Côte d'Ivoire due to the inaccessibility of chemical fertilisers. The low productivity of this cropping system makes it necessary to think about improving agronomic performance. The objective of this study is to determine the rice precedent effect on the cassava production . To achieve this objective, an agronomic trial was set up at the CNRA Research Station in Man on a Ferralsol. Five cropping sequences were compared in a Fischer block design with 5 treatments and 4 replications: 2 intensive monocultures of rice (0.20 m × 0.20 m) and cassava (1 m × 1 m) and 3 alternations of rice and cassava (R/M/R M/R/M and R/R/M (farmer control)). The parameters measured were height, tillering, and yield of rice and cassava, as well as soil chemical parameters. The results showed that rice crop is a good previous crop for cassava production, while cassava crop had no significant effect on rice production. The rice/cassava rotation harmed soil chemical parameters. Except for the improvement of nitrogen and phosphorus contents due to analysis error and the mobility of nutrients along the fertility gradient. Finally, M/R/M was found to be the best cropping sequence in a cassava-based cropping system.

Keywords: Rotation; Previous Crop; Performance; Ferralsol; Man; Côte d’Ivoire

References

  1. FAO. “Production/consommation du riz en Côte d’Ivoire”. FAOSTAT en ligne (2016).
  2. ONDR. “Statistiques et production (2017).
  3. N’Da KL. “Étude des associations culturalestraditionnelles: cas de l’association riz-maïs à Dikodougou”. Mémoire de D.U.T., URES de Korhogo, Université de Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire (2001):
  4. Camara M et Koffi YA. “Monographie de la région semi-montagneuse de l’ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire” (2004): 8-11.
  5. Bahan F. “Caractérisation des associations culturales à base de riz pluvial : cas de la sous-préfecture de Gagnoa. Mémoire de DEA en pédologie. Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny de Cocody”. Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire) (2012):
  6. Konan KU., et al. “Improvement of Intercropping Performance Assessment in a System with Difference of Crops’ Cycle Durations: Calculation Methods for Rice-cassava Association”. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 5 (2021): 251-257.
  7. Haggblade S., et al. “Cassava commercialization in southeastern Africa”. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies (2012).
  8. Zhang S., et al. “Effects of conservation tillage on soil aggregation and aggregate binding agents in black soil of Northeast China”. Soil and Tillage Research 124 (2012): 196-202.
  9. Shah KK., et al. “Diversified crop rotation: an approach for sustainable agriculture production Advances in Agriculture” (2012):
  10. Witt C., et al. “Crop rotation and residue management effects on carbon sequestration, nitrogen cycling, and productivity or irrigated rice systems”. Plant Soil 225 (2000): 265-278.
  11. Wang L., et al. “Effects of seven diversified crop rotations on selected soil health indicators and wheat productivity”. Agronomy2 (2020): 235.
  12. Feng H., et al. “Soil quality indicators as influenced by 5-year diversified and monoculture cropping systems”. The Journal of Agricultural Science (2020): 1-12.
  13. Walkley A and Black IA. “An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method”. Soil Science 37 (1934): 29-38.
  14. Bremner JM. “Nitrogen - Total. In: Sparks DL (ed) Methods of Soil Analysis, part 3 Chemical methods”. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI (1996): 1085-1121.
  15. Page AL., et al. “Methods of soil analysis, chemical and microbiological properties”. Part 2. ASA Monograph No. 9. 2nd American Society of Agronomy, Madison (WI) (1996): 154.
  16. Bonneau M. “Pédologie 2. Constituant et propriétés du sol”. Deuxième Edition. Masson, Paris, France (1994):
  17. Bakayoko S., et al. “Rendements en tubercules frais et teneurs en matière sèche de soixante-dix nouvelles variétés de manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz) cultivées dans le centre de la Côte d’Ivoire”. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences2 (2012): 1961-1977.
  18. Koné B., et al. “Estimation de la fertilité potentielle des ferralsols par la couleur: usage de la couleur en morphopédologie”. Canadian Journal of Soil Science3 (2009): 331-342.
  19. Vendrame PRS., et al. “Acidity control in Latosols under long-term pastures in the Cerrado region, Brazil”. Soil Research 51 (2013): 253-261.
  20. West TO and Post WM. “Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation”. Soil Science Society of America Journal 66 (2002): 1930-1946.
  21. Brindley GW. “Discussion and recommandations concerning the nomenclature of clay minerals and related phyllosilicates”. Clay and Clay Minerals 14 (1996): 27-34.
  22. Bailey SW., et al. “Summary of national and international recommendations on clay mineral nomenclature”. Clay and Clay Minerals 19 (1971): 129-132.
  23. Chen S., et al. “Effect of various crop rotations on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency in paddy-upland systems in southeastern China”. The Crop Journal 6 (2018): 576-588.
  24. Uddin and Fatema. “Rice crop residue management and its impact on farmers livelihood”. Progressive Agriculture2 (2016): 189-199.
  25. Zuber SM., et al. “Crop rotation and tillage effects on soil physical and chemical properties in Illinois”. Agronomy Journal 107 (2015): 971-
  26. Howeler RH. “Long-term effect of cassava cultivation on soil productivity”. Field Crops Research 26 (1991): 1-18.
  27. Sun Q., et al. “Optimization of yield and wateruse of different cropping systems for sustainable groundwater use in North China Plain”. Agricultural Water Management 98 (2011): 808-814.
  28. ROXAS DB., et al. “The effects of variety of rice, level of nitrogen fertilization and season on the chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of straw”. In "The Utilization of Fibrous Agricultural Residues as Animal Feeds" (1985): 47-52.
  29. Becker M and et Johnson DE. “Cropping intensity effects on upland rice yield andsustainability in West Africa”. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 59 (2001): 107-117.
  30. Tongglum A., et al. “Cassava agronomy research and adoption of improved practices in Thailand - Major achievements during the past 35 years. In Howeler, R.H. and S.L. Tan (Eds.), Cassava’s potential in Asia in the 21st century: present situation and future research and development needs. Proc. 6th Regional Workshop, held in Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam (2001): 228-258.
  31. Song Chen., et al. “Effect of various crop rotations on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency in paddy-upland systems in southeastern China”. The Crop Journal 6 (2018): 576-588.
  32. W Grzebisz., et al. “Virtual nitrogen as a tool for assessment of nitrogen management at the field scale: a crop rotation approach”. Field Crop Research 218 (2018): 182-194.
  33. S Chen., et al. “The influence of the type of crop residue on soil organic carbon fractions: an 11-year field study of rice-based cropping systems in Southeast China”. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 223 (2016): 261-269.
  34. DY Liu., et al. “Effect of paddy-upland rotation on methanogenic archaeal community structure in paddy field soil”. Microbial Ecology 69 (2015): 160-168.
  35. Takahashi E. “Uptake, mode and physiological functions of silica”. Science Rice Plant 2 (1995): 58-71.

Citation

Citation: Konan Kouassi Urbain., et al. “Effect of Rice Precedent on Cassava Production in the Rice/Cassava Rotation on Ferralsol in Western Côte D'ivoire" Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.12 (2023): 22-29.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Konan Kouassi Urbain., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In




News and Events


Contact US





//