Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 12

Molecular Assessment of Cultivar Diversity for Water Deficit Stress Tolerance in Saccharum Officinarum using SSR Markers

Shoukat Jabeen1*, Devarajan Thangadurai1, Rayappa Bharamappa Khandagave2, Sreenivasa Venkatarayappa3, Mahadevaswamy H Kumaraswamy3, Rakesh Tawadare1, Maruti Ambiger1 Ravichandra Hospet1 and Pavitra Chippalakatti1

1Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2S. Nijalingappa Sugar Institute, Belagavi, Karnataka, India
3ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author: Shoukat Jabeen, Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.

Received: October 30, 2023; Published: November 06, 2023


Eight SSR markers were utilized for assessing the genetic diversity among the 23 sugarcane cultivars. Based on the grouping pattern, the genetic relatedness among sugarcane cultivars was identified. UPGMA based dendrogram analysis grouped 23 sugarcane cultivars into two different clusters. Cluster I consist of two groups. Group I has four cultivars Co 09004, Co 14011, Co 95020 and Co 13003, which were the good cultivars with respect to water stress tolerance. Subsequently, group II has both good cultivar Co 93009 and moderately susceptible Co 0303, Co 92013, Co 12007 and Co 98017 cultivars. Cluster II has been bifurcated into Group III, and group IV. Group III consist of sensitive cultivars Co 92020, Co 13006, Co 86032, Co 92002 and Co 90003, moderately susceptible cultivar Co 85019 Co 98008, Co 94005, Co 08020 and Co 05001 as tolerant cultivar. Subsequently, group IV has both tolerant cultivars Co 10033 and CoC 671and sensitive cultivars Co 06015, and Co 07015. Cultivar Co 10033 and CoC 671 showed highest water stress tolerance and yield. The results revealed that they can be used as parental lines for further breeding. These parental lines inturn serve for backcrossing with good cultivars such as Co 09004, Co 14011, Co 95020 and Co 13003 to improve the genetic potential of sugarcane.

Keywords: Molecular Diversity; UPGMA; (SSR); Jaccard’s Similarity Index; Sugarcane


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Citation: Shoukat Jabeen., et al. “Molecular Assessment of Cultivar Diversity for Water Deficit Stress Tolerance in Saccharum Officinarum using SSR Markers". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.12 (2023): 09-16.


Copyright: © 2023 Shoukat Jabeen., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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