Dietary Replacement of Maize with Graded Levels of Culled Composite Sweet Orange Fruit
Meal on Growth, Nutrient Digestibility and Carcass Characteristics of Broiler Chickens
Ojinnaka Perpetua Ebere1*, Oluremi OIA2 and Gwaza DS3
1Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria
2Department of Animal Nutrition, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
3Department of Animal Breeding and Physiology, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Ojinnaka Perpetua Ebere, Department of Animal
Production and Health, Federal University Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria.mnv
November 17, 2022; Published: Sepetember 13, 2023
Background: The use of agricultural by-product for livestock has shown to reduce dependence of livestock on grains that is required by humans. This has become more important as the world human population and the amount of crop and food by-products have increased, particularly in developing countries.
Aim: A feeding trial was conducted to determine the effect of replacing maize with culled composite sweet orange fruit meal (CSOFM) in the diet of broiler chickens on their growth response. A total of one hundred and eighty (180) day old Marshall breed broiler chicks raised on deep litter were used. The birds were randomly grouped into 6, each of similar number and weight, and each group randomly assigned to one of the six dietary treatments. The treatments T1, T2, T3, T4, T5 and T6 were diets in which maize was replaced with culled composite sweet orange fruit meal at 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%, respectively. Each treatment had three replicates and ten (10) birds each, laid out in a completely randomized design. The feeding trial lasted eight (8) weeks of four (4) weeks starter phase and another four (4) weeks finisher phase. Growth performance and carcass analysis were carried out and subjected to analysis of variance and the statistically significant (P<0.05) means were separated using the Least Significant Difference.
Results: dietary replacement of maize with culled composite sweet orange meal had similar (P>0.05) growth response in starter and finisher broiler chickens. Treatment effect on carcass yield of finisher broiler chicken had comparable (P>0.05) dressing percent.
Conclusion: It was concluded that Culled composite sweet orange fruit meal could be included in broiler diets up to 25% without any adverse effect on growth and performance.
Keywords: Orange; Growth; Carcass; Nutrient Digestibility
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