Soil Properties, Grain Yield of Soybean (Glycine max) as Affected by Different Nodumax Stickers Grown on an Ultisol in Derived Savannah Ecology of Ishiagu Southeast Nigeria
OC Olejeme*, SO Nwafor, J Diken and AB Diobi
Department of Crop Production Technology, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu,
Ivo Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: OC Olejeme, Department of Crop Production Technology, Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu, Ivo Local Government Area, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
February 03, 2023; Published: August 22, 2023
A trial on soil properties, grain yield of soybean (Glycine max) as affected by different nodumax stickers was conducted in derived savannah ecology of Ishiagu southeast Nigeria. In the experiment, a randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used with six (6) treatment replicated three (3) times, namely gum arabic, liquid milk, vegetable oil, no sticker, water and Control (No Inoculation). Pre-planting physico-chemical properties of the soils were determined to know the soil status, while inoculation was done in the field before planting. Soil properties such as pH, cation exchange capacity, organic carbon, available phosphorous, bulk density, particle size and porosity were evaluated. Also anaylsed were the yield components which included number of pods, number of seeds per pod, 100 seed weight and grain yield. After the data analysis which was drawn at 5% level of probability, the results revealed that the soil chemical properties analysed were significantly (P < 0.05) affected the treaments while the soil physical properties were not. Results also revealed higher yield values in inoculated plots. The values recorded in plots which had gum arabic as sticker were highest, though statistically similar to those with milk as sticker. Gum arabic, therefore, can therefore be substituted with milk when gum arabic is not available.
Keywords: Nodumax; Inoculant; Stickers; Soybean; Soil Properties; Yield
- Ibeawuchi II., et al. “Graded replacement of inorganic with organic manure for sustainable maize production in Owerri Imo State, Nigeria”. Life Science Journal2 (2007): 82-87.
- Vessey JK. “Plant growth promoting Rhizobacteria as biofertilizers”. Plant and Soil 255 (2003): 571-586.
- Malusá E., et al. “Technologies for benefiial microorganisms inocula used as Biofertilizers”. The Scientific World Journal (2012): 1-12.
- Benizri E., et al. “Root colonization by inoculated plant growth promoting rhizobacteria”. Biocontrol Science and Technology 11 (2001): 557-574.
- IITA [International Institute of Tropical Agriculture]”. The bulletin 2259 (2007): 19-23. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria.
- Shu-Jie MQ., et al. “Nodule formation and development in soybeans (Glycine max) in response to phosphorus supply in solution culture”. Pedosphere 17 (2007): 36-43.
- Nwite JC., et al. “Evaluation of sawah rice management system in an inland valley in southeastern Nigeria. I: Soil chemical properties and rice yield”. Paddy and Water Environment 6 (2008): 299-307.
- Woomer PI., et al. “A revised manual for Rhizobium methods and standard protocols available on the project website” (2011): 69.
- Mclean EO. “Soil pH and lime requirement. In; page AL, Miller R.H, Keeiey Dr (ed) methods of soil analysis”. Society of America, Madison (1982): 17-28.
- Nelson DW and LE Sommers. “Total carbon, organic matter”. In: page, A.L.R.H. Miller and D.R. kenney (eds.) methods of soil analysis, part 2. America society of agronomy, W.l. Madison (1982): 579.
- Bremmer JM and Mulvancy GS. “Total nitrogen”. Methods of soil analysis. No. 9; part 2, Soc. O Agron. Inc, Madisoon, Wisconsin, USA (1982): 595-624.
- Thomas GW. “Exchangeable cations in: A.L. page, miller and Keeny, DR. (eds) “methods of soil Analysis, part 2” Am. Soc-Agon. Madison (1982): 159-165.
- Bray RH and Kurtz LT. “Determination of total organic carbon and available forms of phosphorous in soils”. Soil Science Journal 59 (1945): 39-43.
- Blake GR and KH Hartge. “Bulk Density” Methods of Soil Analysis, Part American Society of Agronomy, Madison (1986): 363-382.
- Obi IU. “Statistical methods of detecting difference between treatment mainsand research methodlogy issue of laboratory and field experiment” (2002).
- Sundaravadivel K., et al. “Cost effective phosphorus practices for rainfed cotton in vertisols”. Madras Agricultual Journal7-9 (1999): 384-388.
- Gu Y., et al. “Urease, invertase, dyhydrogenase and poly phenoloxidase activities in paddy soil influenced by allelophatic rice varieties”. European Journal for soil biology5-6 (2009): 436-441.
- Tang C., et al. “A split-root experiment shows that iron is required for nodule initiation in Lupinus angustifolius L”. New Phytologist 115 (1990): 61-67.
- Chetan K., et al. “Effects Of Fertility Levels And Biofertilizers On Physical And Chemical Properties Of Soil Under Blackgram (Vigna mungo)”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 3 (2017): 223-228.
- Dorivar A., et al. “Soybean response to inoculation and nitrogen application following long-term grass pasture”. Annual Review Microbiology 3 (2009): 1058-1062.
- Kazemi Kazemi S., et al. “Effects of planting date and seed inoculation by the bacteria on the yield and yield components of two soybean varieties”. Science. Natural. Resources 12.4 (2005): 20-26.
- Chemining’ wa GN., et al. “Effect of Rhizobia inoculation and urea application on nodulation and dry matter accumulation of green manure legume at Katumani and Kabeti sites of Kenya”. Legume Research Network Project Newsletter 11 (2004): 12-18.
- Otieno PE., et al. “Effect of Rhizobia inoculation, farmyard manure and nitrogen fertilizer on growth, nodulation and yield of selected food grain legumes”. African Crop science Conference Proceedings 8 (2007): 305-312.
- Ferreria EM and Castro IV. “Residues of the cork industry as carriers for the production of legume inoculants”. Silva Husitana 13 (2005): 159-167.