Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 8

Determination of Most Limiting Nutrient for Maize Yield through Nutrient Omission Experiment for Site-Specific Nutrient Recommendation on Typic ustipssament of Maiduguri, Northeast Nigeria By

Adam Lawan Ngala*, Joshua Dankasa Kwari, and Goni Makinta

Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Adam Lawan Ngala, Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Nigeria.

Received: April 10, 2023; Published: July 06, 2023


Effect of omitting one essential nutrient on the yield and yield parameters of maize (2000 Synthetic TZEEY, yellow) on a sandy loam soil was investigated in a field experiment conducted in 2018 and 2019 seasons in Maiduguri, Nigeria. The treatments involved no fertilizer (control), and recommended rates of PK, NK, NP, NPK, NPK + S + Ca + Zn + B, and NPK + S + Ca + Zn + B + Manure (cow dung) arranged in a randomized complete block design. Maize yield (per net plot), number of cobs, weight (kg) of the total maize stalks of each plot without cobs, weight (kg) of the cobs per plot, bulked weight of five cobs taken at random from each net plot were determined. Five cobs were shelled and grains and the cobs weighed. While the mean number and weight of cobs per plot declined significantly (P < 0.05) from 134 to 52 and 3.47 to 0.45 kg, respectively when phosphorus and potassium were applied alone without nitrogen, the means increased significantly from 134 to 189 and 7.70 to 11.18 kg when nitrogen was involved. The mean shelled and unshelled cobs per plot followed similar pattern. The effectiveness of the nitrogen application together with micronutrients and organic materials in terms of increasing maize stalk and grain yields was observed. Yields were lower when nitrogen was omitted. The most limiting nutrient was observed to be nitrogen, followed by phosphorus, but potassium not limiting nutrient for maize production in this area. For site specific nutrient recommendations, the rates involving nitrogen in combinations with organic materials and micronutrients should be encouraged and not potassium.

Keywords: Nutrient Omission; Most Limiting Nutrient; Maize; SSNM; Northeast Nigeria


  1. “Food and Agriculture Organization Yearbook No 60” (2007).
  2. Gami SK., et al. “Sustainability of scientific maize cultivation practices in Utter Pradesh, India”. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4 (2011): 14-18.
  3. Sedga Z., et al. “Combining field and simulation studies to improve fertilizer recommendations for irrigated rice in Burkina Faso”. Agronomy Journal 97 (2011): 1429-1437.
  4. Melteras M., et al. “Comparison of soil tests with plant response to nutrients in selected soils of Vanuatu”. In: New directions for a diverse planet. Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Science Congress, Brisbane, Australia (2004): 112-116.
  5. Wanyama I Ochwoh., et al. “Optimization of major nutrients (N, P and K) for lowland rice production in Eastern Uganda”. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research2 (2015): 218-227.
  6. Dobermann A., et al. “Increasing the productivity of intense rice systems through site-specific nutrient management”. New Delhi, India; and Makati City, Philippines. Science Publishers and International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Las Banos, Philippines (2002).
  7. Son TT., et al. “Site-specific nutrient management in irrigated rice”. systems of the Red River Delta of Vietnam (2004).
  8. Pampolino MF., et al. “Environmental impact and economic benefits of site- specific nutrient management (SSNM) in irrigated rice systems”. Agricultural Systems 1-3 (2007): 1-24.
  9. Khurana HS. “Performance of site-specific nutrient management for irrigated, transplanted rice in northwest India”. Agronomy Journal6 (2007): 1436-1447.
  10. Wang S., et al. “Positional differences in nitrogen and sugar concentrations of upper leaves relate to plant N status in rice under different N rates”. Field Crops Research2-3 (2006): 224-234.
  11. Qureshi A., et al. “Site-specific nutrient management for enhancing nutrient-use efficiency in rice and wheat”. Academia Journal of Agricultural Research8 (2016): 518-524.
  12. Abdulrachman S., et al. “Variation in the performance of site-specific nutrient management among different environments with irrigated rice in Asia”. Better Crops International2 (2002): 18-23.
  13. Rodriguez DCP and Nga NTD. “Impact of site-specific nutrient management in irrigated rice form in the Red River Delta, northern Vietnam”. Selected poster prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economics (IAAE) Triennial Conference (2012).
  14. Timkhum P., et al. “Nutrient assessment with omission pot trials for management of rubber growing soil”. Journal of Agricultural Science10 (2013): 10-19.
  15. Hach CV and Tan PS. “Study of site-specific nutrient management (SSNM) for high-yielding rice in the Mekong Delta”. Omonrice 15 (2007): 144-152.
  16. Federal Ministry of Aviation. “Department of Metrological Services, Federal Ministry of Aviation, Maiduguri, Nigeria (2018).
  17. Chiroma AM., et al. “Physical Properties of a Sandy Soil in Borno State Nigeria as Affected by Tillage and Stubble – Management”. Nigerian Journal of Tropical Agriculture 6 (2004): 115-122.
  18. Afolabi SG., et al. “Evaluation of Some Soils of Minna Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria for Arable Crop Production”. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment4 (2014): 6-9.
  19. Yimer F., et al. “Concentrations of exchangeable bases and cation exchange capacity in soils of cropland, grazing and forest in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopian”. Forest Ecology and Management6 (2008): 1298-1302.
  20. Berg B., et al. “Reduction of rates of Scots pine needle litter due to heavy metals pollution”. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 59 (1991): 165-178.
  21. Aminu Z and Jaiyeoba IA. “An Assessment of Soil Degradation in the Zaria Area, Kaduna State, Nigeria”. Ife Research Publications in Geography 13 (2015): 26-36.
  22. Yang Q-W., et al. “Heavy metals of vegetables and soils of vegetable bases in Chongqing, Southwest China”. Environmental Monitoring Assessments 130 (2007): 271-279.
  23. Amuyou UA and Kotingo KE. “Toposequence analysis of soil properties of an agricultural field in the Obudu mountain slopes, Cross River State, Nigeria”. European Journal of Physical and Agricultural Sciences1 (2015): 1-11.
  24. Esu IE. “Detailed Soil Survey of NIHORT Farm at Bunkure, Kano State, Nigeria”. Institute for Agricultural Research, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 72 (1991).
  25. Aminu Z., et al. “An Assessment of The Effect of Soil Degradation on Soils of Lapai Area, Niger State, Nigeria”. Zaria Geographer 1 (2016): 83- 95.


Citation: Adam Lawan Ngala., et al. “Determination of Most Limiting Nutrient for Maize Yield through Nutrient Omission Experiment for Site-Specific Nutrient Recommendation on Typic ustipssament of Maiduguri, Northeast Nigeria By". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.8 (2023): 25-32.


Copyright: © 2023 Adam Lawan Ngala., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US