Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 7

Effects of Seed Source and Storage Duration on Yield and Yield Related Traits of Soybean [Glycine Max (L) Merrill] Varieties at Pawe, Northwestern Ethiopia

Chaluma Tujuba*

Department of Seed Science and Technology, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Chaluma Tujuba, Department of Seed Science and Technology, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo, Ethiopia.

Received: February 10, 2023; Published: June 18, 2023

Abstract

Soybean [Glycine max (L) Merril] is among the important legume crops produced in northwestern Ethiopia. The production of seeds from improved varieties under favorable growing condition and stored for shortest possible duration period are among the requirements of quality seed production. This study was conducted to assess the effect of seed source and storage duration on growth, yield and its components of four soybean varieties. The treatments were four varieties (AFGAT, Cheri, Clark 63k and Davis) x seed source (rain-fed and irrigation) x two storage duration (one and two years stored under ambient temperatures) arranged in factorial combinations. Randomized complete block design with three replications were used to evaluate treatments at Pawe Agricultural Research Center during 2019/2020 cropping season. The results indicated that interactions of variety x seed source had significant effect on days to physiological maturity and number of pods per plant whereas; interaction of variety and storage period had significant influence on seed yield. Days to flowering and plant height were significantly influenced by varietal difference. The growing of Clark-63k and AFGAT varieties from seeds stored for one year produced higher seed yield of 1.191and 1.174 t/ha respectively, while growing of all varieties from seeds stored for two years produced significantly lower seed yield (0.562 to 6.42 t/ha). The results from the experiments showed that the influence of variety, storage duration, seed source and interaction of the two had significant effect on seed yield and yield related traits. In most cases, the seeds of improved varieties from seed source of irrigation and stored at room temperatures for one year produced high yield. Thus, it is suggested to consider varieties; seed source and seed storage duration to produce high yield to improve the productivity of soybean.

Keywords: Seed Source; Storage Period; Yield

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Citation

Citation: Chaluma Tujuba. “Effects of Seed Source and Storage Duration on Yield and Yield Related Traits of Soybean [Glycine max (L) Merrill] Varieties at Pawe, Northwestern Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.7 (2023): 18-24.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Chaluma Tujuba. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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