Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 7

Sugarcane Waste: Adding Value by Developing Nonwovens

Chhavi Gangwar*, Madhu Sharan and DP Chattopadhyay

1Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Clothing and Textiles, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India and Assistant Professor, Department of Fashion Design, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
2Professor, Department of Clothing and Textiles, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India
3Retd. Professor, Department of Textile Chemistry, Faculty of Technology and Engineering, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India

*Corresponding Author: Chhavi Gangwar, Professor, Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Clothing and Textiles, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India and Assistant Professor, Department of Fashion Design, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Received: June 07, 2023; Published: June 14, 2023

Abstract

Food, clothing and shelter are the three basic needs of human beings, and for clothing, man had been using textile fibres right from the 'Old stone age'. Textiles were indeed primarily agriculture-based until the 1960s with natural fibers such as cotton, linen and wool dominating 80 percent of the market. The agricultural waste is one of the most important problems that must be resolved for the conservation of global environment. Agricultural waste, which includes both natural (organic) and non-natural wastes, is a general term used to describe waste produced on a farm through various farming activities. In tropical regions of the world, Sugarcane represents a major crop. For every 10 tonnes of sugarcane crushed, a sugar factory produces nearly three tones of wet bagasse. Bagasse is a cellulosic residue left after sugar is extracted from sugarcane. Basically, it is a waste product that causes mills to incur additional disposal costs. It consists of water, fibers, and small amounts of soluble solids. It is often used as a fuel within the sugar milling industry. Burning of this waste bagasse, releases a variety of products into the atmosphere which is also a major cause of pollution in some cities. This research was taken up to explore the possibility of extracting fibres from waste bagasse and its product diversification. In this study attempts were made, to extract the fibre from the sugar cane bagasse waste using alkaline treatment of NaOH with varying concentration of the alkali and treatment time and optimized the suitable extraction conditions on the basis of three parameters viz. quantity of fibre, chemical composition and tensile strength. Optimized conditions for fibre extraction were found to be 0.1 N NaOH, 3 hours at 90 ◦ C. Physical and chemical properties of extracted fibre were also studied and it was found suitable for manufacturing Nonwovens. Nonwoven were prepared using Needle punched method. This paper concludes that the Nonwovens from sugarcane waste have wide potential application under the segments of technical textiles such as Geo-textiles, Agro-tech, hygiene products, agricultural end uses, animal bedding and aquaculture etc. Promoting technical textiles as a tool of value addition for survival and revival of Indian textile industry holds a high potential of success.

Keywords: Bagasse; Non-Woven; Technical Textiles; Agro-Waste

References

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Citation

Citation: Chhavi Gangwar., et al. “Sugarcane Waste: Adding Value by Developing Nonwovens". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.7 (2023): 13-17.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Chhavi Gangwar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate32%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.014

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