Correlation of Sowing Dates and Weather Factors on the Infection and Severity of Alternaria
Blight and White Rust of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncia L. Czern and Coss.) in Eastern
Uttar Pradesh of India
Jay Kumar Yadav1, H K Singh2, S K Singh2*, N K Sharma3, Sandeep
Kumar2, Vikash Kumar Yadav2 and Manoj Kumar Chitara2
1ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Dhaura, Unnao, Uttar Pradesh, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Uttar Pradesh, India
3ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: S. K. Singh, Department of Plant Pathology, Acharya
Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Uttar Pradesh, India.
March 14, 2023; Published: May 03, 2023
India is one of the world’s largest producers of oilseed crops. Among the oilseed crops of India, Indian mustard (Brassica juncia L.) has shared the maximum account of the edible oilseed production, which is also considered the backbone of the Indian agriculture economy. Recently the production of Indian mustard is decline due to adverse climatic conditions. Hence, the changes in climatic conditions also increase the pest attacks on the crops. The present investigation documented the correlation of weather factors on the prevalence and severity of the Alternaria blight and White rust on Indian mustard. The experiment was conducted with eight dates of sowing viz. October (1, 10, 20, and 30), November (10, 20, and 30), and December (10) of the mustard crop (var. Varuna) in the field during the Rabi season at 10 days intervals. The results revealed that the maximum severity and apparent infection rate (r) of Alternaria blight and white rust were recorded on the sixth (November, 20) and eighth (December, 10) date of sowing, respectively. Among dates of sowing, the maximum seed yield was recorded at first date of sowing (20.41 q/ha) followed by second (19.99 q/ha) and third (19.16 q/ha). Overall, our findings suggested that early-sown crops escaped the disease outbreak and give higher yields compared to late-sown crops.
Keywords: Mustard; Disease Severity; PDI; Sowing Dates; Apparent Infection Rates; Weather Factor
- Chand S., et al. “Rapeseed-mustard breeding in India: scenario, achievements and research needs”. In book: Brassica Breeding Biotechnology. Intech Open (2021): 174.
- Nanjundan J., et al. “Identification of new source of resistance to powdery mildew of Indian mustard and studying its inheritance”. The Plant Pathology Journal36 (2020): 111.
- Bhanu AN., et al. “Advances in agronomic management in Indian mustard for Eastern Uttar Pradesh”. Acta Scientific Agriculture3 (2019): 70-79.
- Singh RB and Singh RN. “Fungicidal management of foliar diseases of mustard in mid-eastern India”. Indian Phytopathology1 (2005a): 51-56.
- Singh HK., et al. “Alternaria blight of rapeseed-mustard: a review”. Journal of Environmental Biology6 (2017): 1405-1420.
- Abhishek RP., et al. “Symptoms and management of white rust/blister of Indian mustard (Albugo candida)”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences6 (2017): 1094-1100.
- Bains SS and Jhooty JS. “Mixed infections by Albugo candida and Peronospora parasitica on Brassica juncea inflorescence and their control”. Indian Phytopathology32 (1979): 268-271.
- Singh RB and Singh RN. “Status and management of foliar diseases of timely sown mustard in mid-eastern India”. Plant Disease Research1 (2005b): 18-24.
- Van der Plank JE. “Plant diseases”. Elsevier Science (1963)
- Mahapatra S and Das S. “Effect of sowing dates, varieties and weather factors on the occurrence and severity of Alternaria leaf blight and yield of Indian mustard”. African Journal of Agricultural Research 10 (2015): 579-587.
- Yadav MS., et al. “Effect of date of sowing, varieties and chemical treatment on the development of Alternaria blight and white rust of mustard”. Journal of Research Punjab Agricultural University 39 (2002): 528-532.
- Yadav MS. “Integrated management of mustard diseases in Punjab”. Plant Disease Research2 (2004): 176-178.
- Singh HK., et al. “Management of Alternaria blight in Indian mustard through genotypes, date of sowing and micronutrients”. Research in Environment and Life Sciences3 (2014): 161-164.
- Meena PD., et al. “Comparative study on the effect of chemicals on Alternaria blight in Indian mustard - a multi-location study in India”. Journal of Environmental Biology 32 (2011): 375-379.
- Kumar N and Kumar A. “Effect of cultural practices on Alternaria blight of Brassica juncea and napus”. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 76 (2006): 389-390.
- Sangeetha CG and Siddaramaiah AL. “Epidemiological studies of white rust, downy mildew and Alternaria blight of Indian mustard (Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern. and Coss.)”. African Journal of Agricultural Research7 (2007): 305-308.
- Kumar A. “Ecofriendly option for the management of white rust in Indian mustard under mid hill conditions of North – western India”. Indian Phytopathology 62 (2009): 44-48.
- Kaur N., et al. “Effect of date of sowing and weather parameters on development of staghead in raya due to white rust”. Plant Disease Research 21 (2006): 51-52.
- Mehta N. “Epidemiology and forecasting for the management of Rapeseed – mustard disease”. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 44 (2014): 131-147.
- Chattopadhyay C., et al. “Epidemiology and forecasting of Alternaria blight of oilseed brassica in India-a case study/Epidemiologie und Prognose von Alternaria brassicae an Brassica-Ölfrüchten in Indien-Eine Fallstudie”. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz/Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection (2005): 351-365.
- Singh K., et al. “Influence of weather parameters on the progression of powdery mildew on four varieties of rapeseed-mustard in Haryana”. Plant Disease Research2 (2008): 39-45.