Acta Scientific Agriculture (ASAG)(ISSN: 2581-365X)

Research Article Volume 7 Issue 3

Value Chain Analysis of Tomatoes Production and Marketing in Khartoum State, Sudan

Zohaib Afzal1, Usama Iqbal2*, Abdul Ghaffar3, Shahbaz Hussain2, Qaiser Adeel2, Haider Imam2 and Muhammad Behroz Fazal Hashmi2

1Soil and Environmental Sciences, Muhammad Nawaz Shareef University of Agriculture, Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
2Department of Entomology, Bahaudin Zakriya University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan
3Senior Scientist, Entomological Research Institute, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Usama Iqbal, Department of Entomology, Bahaudin Zakriya University Multan, Punjab, Pakistan.

Received: January 11, 2023; Published: February 22, 2023


Spodoptera litura is a polyphagous pest that destroy the agricultural and horticultural crops, especially maize, okra, cabbage, and cotton in the globe. There are different host pantons that Spodoptera litura feed. The current study was conducted to check the host preference of pest on different hosts. The study resulted in the feeding preference of Spodoptera litura in cabbage followed by okra and alfalfa. The growth and development of pest was significantly shorter on cabbage and could complete properly on cabbage leaves than other tested hosts (okra and alfalfa). The mean developmental period of 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th larval instar on cabbage was 3.30, 3.40, 3.61, 4.33, 6.44, and 5.29 days, respectively, while 4.00, 3.59, 4.69, 4.43, 6.99, and 6.68 days on alfalfa, respectively. The total developmental period of 1st-6th larval instar on cabbage, alfalfa and okra was 26.19, 33.74 and 29.38 days, respectively. The survival rate, fecundity, fertility and longevity of Spodoptera litura were higher in cabbage. Therefore, cabbage was recorded as the most suitable and preferable host for its population growth.

Keywords: Spodoptera Litura; Biology; Morphology; Cabbage; Okra; Feeding Preference


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Citation: Usama Iqbal., et al. “Host Preference of Armyworm, Spodoptera litura under Laboratory Condition". Acta Scientific Agriculture 7.3 (2023): 45-48.


Copyright: © 2023 Usama Iqbal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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